The Black Romans — Articles on Black History

septimus-ssWas Septimius Severus the 1st Black man to rule England?

Did you know that Black and Asian people first came to the North East in Roman times? Or that England was once ruled by a Libyan? These and many more historical facts were revealed as part of BBC Black History Month.

Early Black History

Emperor Septimius Severus wasn’t the only Black Roman in Britain. There were other African officers, soldiers … stationed on and around Hadrian’s Wall in the 3rd century.

Black Romans
Black Romans

From the 9th century onwards, there are records of Vikings bringing Moroccans to the region.

There’s a gap in the recording of black presence in the North East of England for nearly 400 years until the start of the 16th century.

Black and Asian presence in the North East of England can be traced back to Septimius Severus, a North African Libyan, who ruled England as Roman Emperor between 193-211 AD.

Severus was unique amongst the Roman emperors as being the first Black citizen to hold the highest office in the empire.

Lucius Septimus
Son of Septimus

The most celebrated example of an early Black presence in Britain is the case of the Roman military garrison on Hadrian’s Wall in Cumbria.

A 4th century inscription tells us that the Roman auxiliary unit, Numerus Maurorum Aurelianorum, was stationed at Aballava, modern day Burgh-by-Sands.

This unit had been mustered in the Roman province of Mauretania in North Africa, modern Morocco.

septimus-severus click on image
septimus-severus
The Black Romans

Genetic evidence

It was recently suggested that African DNA might be found to be present in the local populations near to Hadrian’s Wall.

However, this would not conclusively show that the Black Roman soldiers on the wall intermarried with the local population because of the problem of ‘admixture’.

Admixture is a process whereby the DNA of a population becomes diluted over time and it cannot be shown at what period in time that dilution took place.

African Legacy

During his time in office, Septimius Severus legalised marriage during military service.

There is also evidence that that some Black Romans married, had children, and remained in Britain after their tour of duty.

Skeletons unearthed in a Romano British Cemetery outside York revealed the limb proportions of some of the men suggested that they were Black Africans.

Perhaps they might be considered to be Britain’s first Diaspora people, making Cumbria the birthplace of Black British history?

More articles on Black Romans

126 thoughts on “The Black Romans — Articles on Black History”

  1. when the greeks came to egypt they said the races of the world are different but equal and made a statue of a black person on one side and a white women on the other with a leaf that they wore in rome at the time.

    well people know the moors were black and arab berbers are black and arab i know i live here in north africa in morocco.

    blacks lived in north africa which includes morocco even Constantine de Volney (1787)when I visited the Sphinx, its appearance gave me the key to the riddle. On seeing that head, typically Negro in all its features, I remembered the remarkable passage where Herodotus says.

    Colchians to be a colony of the Egyptians because, like them, they are black with woolly and nappy hair…’ “In other words, the ancient Egyptians were true Negroes of the same type as all native-born Africans.

    Just think,that this race of Black men, today our slave and the object of our scorn, is the very race to which we owe our arts, sciences, and even the use of speech! Just imagine, finally, that it is in the midst of people ( Americans) who call themselves the greatest friends of liberty and humanity that one has approved the most barbarous slavery, and questioned whether Black men have the same kind of intelligence as whites 1787.

    http://www.nathanielturner.com/hitlerandnegro.htm

    http://members.tripod.com/jrmoore1958/chapter12.html

    http://members.tripod.com/jrmoore1958/chapter13.html

    there is your proof debate close

  2. Vivant Denon etched the image of the Sphinx of Giza around (1798)

    Though its proportions are colossal, the outline is pure and graceful; the expression of the head is mild, gracious, and tranquil; the character is African, but the mouth, and lips of which are thick, has a softness and delicacy of execution truly admirable; it seems real life and flesh.

    Art must have been at a high pitch when this monument was executed; for, if the head wants what is called style, that is the say, the straight and bold lines which give expression to the figures under which the Greeks have designated their deities, yet sufficient justice has been rendered to the fine simplicity and character of nature which is displayed in this figure.

    http://www.freemaninstitute.com/sphinx.htm

    had to put a end to the stupid debates about africans not living in egypt or north africa dam people are so stupid. people know blacks lived in north africa like they do today in morocco and other parts just not like they use to even the (GREEKS) said so D A P >>>> dum ass people

    this is the same race of people that think adam and eve were real people and they bit from a fruit that a serpent told them to do hahahahahahaha

  3. In the state pictures of Kaiser Wilhelm I, between the years 1857 and 1870 appears a Negro as a German officer.

    St. Maurice a black moor depicted in Germany as a Negro of the finest type. St. Maurice is the patron saint of the city of Cobourg and he appears in the city’s coat-of-arms. His picture, by Grunewald, hangs in the Alte-Pinokathek, Southern Germany’s largest museum.

    On the most important bridge over the Spree at the south end of the Unter den Linden near the Berlin Cathedral in the very center of the north side of the bridge is a monument no less than eight feet high of a Negro.

    In the park of the royal palace at San Souci, Potsdam, favorite residence of the last Kaiser are several statutes of Negroes, who were the favorites of the Prussian rulers Another painting of St. Maurice by Hans Baldung is, if I remember rightly, in the Dresden Museum. There is also a monument of him in armor in the Cathedral of Magdeburg.

  4. I read and must respond! Herein I will avoid repeating some commentary that I have already made on the technological, molecular biological, archaeological, and logical arguments that clearly support the fact that the first modern people were black Africans, and that all present-day civilization rests on a black African foundation – please see my comments in response to “The Black Greeks” elsewhere on this website. But, here, to repeat just a bit, so-called “white” people demonstrate a failure to recognize certain basic principles and to actually think them through to a logical conclusion using basic human logic. It is a fallacy to assume that present-day populations in a given area necessarily look the same as ancient populations. The first anatomically modern humans, if they could somehow be transported to today, would be categorized as black: they looked more like modern “sub-Saharan” black Africans than any other modern-day group. How do we know? There is plenty of evidence. For instance (I cite other evidence elsewhere on this website; see above), it is possible to examine skeletal remains and determine whether the person was black: certain features of the long bones (e.g., the femur) as well as the skull, jaw, and arrangement of teeth are characteristically black African. Well, the oldest fossilized remains of modern humans found in what we call Europe were found in the Grimaldi caves in what is now France. These remains were examined about 100 years ago by “white” European scientists, who declared that the skeletons were indeed “Africoid.” Thus, the first modern humans in what is called “Europe” would be today categorized as black. But, that is not the case today. Clearly, at some point, “white” people arrived/appeared in Europe and interbred with (and perhaps also killed a good number of) the original black inhabitants. If the “white” newcomers are sufficiently numerous, well, the original black genetic contributions to populations of descendants would be overwhelmed (but not completely erased). In other words, in relatively few generations, ancient black populations can have “white” descendants. The problem is that in the US (for example), the definition of black (for the most part) follows the one-drop rule (the history of that is another discussion). So when a so-called “white” person (e.g. “TheTruth,” presumably…) spends his life looking at images of seemingly “white” people (e.g., ancient Romans) and then is told that these “white” “Romans” had black ancestors, his mind uses the one-drop rule to conclude that you have just called “Romans” black. To “TheTruth” this is an irreconcilable conflict, so one of the two statements must be rejected – and of course “TheTruth” – as do almost all so-called “white” people — rejects the statement that would force him to think critically, and embraces the fallacy that makes him feel better. Critical thought is hard work. And thus too, do almost all “white” people refuse to recognize physical signs of black African ancestry in so many so-called “white” people. The “olive skin” so often attributed to modern-day “Italians” (Which kind of olive? Hell, folks can’t mean the GREEN ones, can they?), the “curly” or “corkscrew” hair that can be found in any subgroup of “white” people (please do not forget the “frizzy” hair that so many “white” Jewish women hide by perming), the ability to “tan,” all derive from ancient and recent black African ancestry. Simple human logic: in the USA alone, tens of thousands of Africans “passed” into the “white” population over the past couple of centuries alone – they have “white” descendants. Now figure out how many – one person passes say, one hundred years ago. Assuming twenty-five years per generation, and underestimating a mere two children per couple per generation, that amounts to 16 “white” people today who do not know of their black African great-great grandparent. Multiply that by tens of thousands of times in the USA alone. Then ask yourself where you end up when you travel due south from say, Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, and Greece – Africa. Ask yourself how many black Africans (not slaves, but free, rich, and powerful, or just free and hard-working) lived in Europe and had children whose descendants today call themselves white. “TheTruth”, you may not invoke the word “Moor” as something other than black African. Allessandro deMedici, the first hereditary duke of Florence, was the son of Giulio deMedici (who later became Pope Clement VII) and a black woman named Simonetta daCollavecchio. His contemporaries nicknamed him “il Moro.” Clearly, to “Italians” even then, “Moor” meant “of black African ancestry.” “Moor” did not mean some mythical “swarthy but nevertheless white” population. Then ask yourself how one would categorize the “Moors” who ruled almost all of Iberia for over seven centuries. Ask yourself how many European/”white” people today have the surname “Moore” or “Maurice” or something of similar etymological origin. One reason surnames arose in “Europe” was to distinguish a John in one family from the fifty other Johns living in the same town. John the smith, as opposed to John the baker, became John Smith. So why would one man be named Moore? Or Black? Or Schwarz? What could possibly have distinguished the first Mr. Moore from his neighbors? Heh. Ask yourself about the” Arab”-run slave trade (ironically, “Arab” itself includes so many people of ancient and recent black African ancestry) that brought enslaved black Africans to “Europe” before “Europeans” even learned of the existence of the Americas. The “Portuguese” and “Spaniards” brought black Africans to live in Iberia, very often as concubines, BEFORE 1492. Where are the descendants of these black Africans? How many of them are there after 500 years? What do they look like? What about DNA analysis way back in 1989 that identified sub-Saharan African markers in over 4% of Sicilians tested (see Ann. Hum. Genet. 53(Pt 2):193-202)? The real percentage must be higher, as sample size was small, and any genetic markers, African or otherwise, can recombine out in as little as one generation. I repeat, modern-day “white” populations can be the descendants of ancient black populations, and can have had a constant influx of black African blood, and still call themselves ”white.” Modern-day “Egyptians” reject their black African ancestry, even when it is evident in their appearance and culture, because outside the USA, the one-drop rule works the other way around: if you can point to one “white” ancestor, then you call yourself “white.” Never mind the fact that statues and carvings of almost all Egyptian pharaohs clearly show black Africans, never mind the fact that Cheikh Anta Diop, a Senegalese physicist demonstrated back in the 1970s that the skin structure of mummified Pharaohs was consistent with black African skin structure, which indeed can be distinguished from non-black African skin structure. It is a fallacy to assume that black Africans never left Africa unless forced to by “white” people. Black Africans populated the world. This is supported by the fact that the modern-day populations of New Guinea, and the islands of “Melanesia”, to name two groups, still look like black Africans today. Other groups of black people changed in appearance (for reasons we have yet to ascertain) and gave rise to different populations whom we today categorize into “races.” Why is it possible to accept the fact that black people crossed large bodies of water 40,000 years ago, but not to accept the fact that black Africans, who built the first high-technology empire in human history, had the technology to repeatedly visit and settle in Europe over the past 5,000 years? There is a reason that “Italians,” though not categorized as black, were not considered “white” in the USA in 1900. There is a reason that Italians are even today often referred to as “guineas:” three countries in Africa are named Guinea – and they all populated by black Africans. “New Guinea” was thus named by the “Spaniard” Yñigo Ortiz de Retez. Why? Because the people there looked a lot like the people in Guinea – like black Africans. There is a reason why in northern Italy even today, many of the predominantly yellow-haired, blue-eyed, light-skinned residents have a saying: “Africa begins at Rome.” (The French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, over three centuries after the completion of the Renconquista of Iberia, asserted an interesting variant: “Africa begins at the Pyrenees.”)

    And if there is obviously a lot of black African blood amongst the “Italians” of today (and there is), then of course there were black “Romans.”

    Res ipsa loquitur.

    1. You could not have said it better Son Of Imhotep.My the spirit of the ancestors guide you in all you say and do. How do we put this information in a childrens book with pictures so our children can see, as they say pictures are like a thousand words.

  5. The Egyptians were not black, negroid or sub saharan.They were their own race.Not white, yet not balck either.Yes there was a bit of mixing with blacks I’m sure just as there is here in America.The Moors were a berber like people and had some black in their blood but it does not make them “black” They werea hybrid mix of black,Arabic and Iberians mostly of Arabic stock but definately a bit darker.I like blacks, I”m Italian and Spaniard.I actually love Black women, they are quite lovely :).There was blacks with status in Rome as proven by the frecos found in the Pompei excavations.Racism is a sign of weakness and fear…

    1. Ignorance must surely be blissfull.Please take a trip to Cairo Museum, read something different from high school history.The whole of the meditaranean has at least between 1/8 to 1/4 of black blood in them,genetically speaking, the jet black curly hair, ladies with big behinds and thick legs, are all typically negroid. As an Italian you are at best a watered down negro.Do not forget until the late 1900 people from the meditaranean region were discouraged from emigrating to Europe. Check your history.

  6. The question of Africans in the world community continues to be an issue. Sadly enough writers of modern and quasi middle ages history have continued to distort history. The distortion pervasive as it is, reflects serious lack of logic among a smaller portion of the anglo-ignoramous. Humans have always migrated for several reasons and will continue to do so. That said, idiots, wake up and move on!

  7. Barack Hussein Obama, President of the United States of America. A black man leading the “free world”. Now the most powerful man in the world is black. What an achievement! Let us all rejoice. Amen! May Allah be praised. Shalom, may Jesus be praised and all that…! Thats all folks..!!

    1. half-white half-black you mean, and yeah only because basically every black person plus some percentage of whites voted for him because he would be known as “the 1st black president.”

  8. TheRealTruth is majority of so called white scientists and anthropologists of the past are pseudo academics and liars concerned with covering up the truth. All the things they say when investigated are found out to be nothing but bullshit. Dividing the world into 3 main races – Negroid, Mongoloid and Caucasoid was bullshit. That classification does not explain why there are people in southern africa who look like Chinese (or should I say why Chinese look like people from southern Africa) or why the Olmec heads exist prior to Colombus’ arrival to the Americas (who are blatant African heads), or why dark skinned people have blonde or reddish hair in Vanuata. Does not explain why Australians have African features but Indian hairl. Evolution did not happen the way those pseudo academics portray it. It did not happen in the way that there was black, then chinese then white << Absolute bullshit. The majority of the world arose due to mixing of people. Arabs are mixed race white and black. Whites are albino desis – genetic mutations. Has nothing to do with environment – as yet again evolution does not explain why the inuits/ eskimos in the antartic are dark but live in freezing conditions – yet so called europeans are white because they lived in a ‘cold’ climate. But which is colder – europe or arctic? Why are the inuits melinated but europeans arent? Because europeans are albinos. Their existance has nothing to do with enviroment. Even science says they were a melinated people who lost their melanin – but doesnt say which people they were before they turned white. But just ask yourself which group of people on earth look like whites – its southern Asians. People from India, bangladesh, sri lanka, pakistan. Have you ever seen an albino desi? They are identical to so called nordics – FACT!

    Have to congratulate Richard and Jahday because they have knowledge. Majority of whites arent smart – all they do is propagate false bullshit fed to them by their delusional forefathers. Talking about there were no writing systems or civilisation in Africa, but when shown the evidence that those things did and do exist in Africa, what can they say? Talking about Africans could not count – discover the ishango bone. Africa had no wheel? LOL it was Europe who had no wheel. They even say the Iraqis brought the wheel to Europe. The same Iraqis they are bombing today. Thats how they show their gratitude to thoe who civilised them – kill them. Did the same to the Native Americans and Australians when they had taught them how to survive in a foreign environment. So what happened in Africa is no surprise. We are the foundations of civilisation – FACT; they know it and because they have made us look bad to the world they cannot accept the fact that we are the ones who they owe everything to. They cant humble themselves – but they will have to soon. Every lie told will be destroyed.

  9. All of you should look within yourselves and seek help. After slavery, world wars and all the racial terrorrs both our black and white ancestors have endured U grown men and women still mask your insecurities by viciously insulting other races. Be very careful with words and actions your real enemy is your own prejudiced views not the colour of your neighbour.

    1. The “white race has been around for as long as ever,They are the descendants of Ham after he received the curse for disrespecting his father Noah .The Most High God cursed Ham and he became the very first whiteman in the Earth after the Great Flood .Ham is the the father of all the dark/black races except for the “Negroes”.He is also the father of all the Europeans whose surnames end with h a m. For example Buckin-ham; Nottin- ham; Cunnin-ham etc. These whites were born unto Ham after “The Curse”

  10. We all no we have different variations of negroid people who are not exclusive to Africa. My wife is a lyte skinned lybian. u can call her white if ya wanna.
    Africans are the orginal race of this world. Negroid black race people were spread all over the world that’s why our imprint is everywhere. America was once apart of africa and europe before the split so yes ther were negroid race people in America before so called Mongo races down from the north. The white race a johnny come lately, i wouldnt waste the energy responding to such inferiority. please they had to invent weapons of mass destruction before the came of of the europe to rule the work. And yes Lybians Ancient Romans are all Med. African race peoples even that dude truth bare witness to that. when he went on the internet a printed all the BS all the tribes that fool named had black blood idiot ever heard of hannibal the great. Jahdey stop fighting give em pictures of the cariving of the original Ngu Ngas of kemet and that should stop the fight. Its mot like your arguing over some fixated christ character who never existed these peoples left statues and writings and a ancestrial religious path for african peoples and peoples of all races to follow. I mean really what has the european invented in his time the most high has alloted him. Nothing but war and war technology massive war. i dont give a f what color ancient kings of kemet were but the facts is the religion that was venerated in ancient kemet was a religion that came out of the congo. and its a fact that the horus kings had to come from that area because the amazons of africa were sacred because of the stories of OST and AST. African people should stop tryin to be akin to everybody and claim there own history refine there own languages i mean how you gwon claim to be free when the Ori is enlaved. when we start loving whom we are an our own Ancestry we wont have to fight over who’s who..

    1. Look at you all! Just look at yourselves! I can’t trust anything in history because everyone’s so pro-European and anti-African or pro-African and anti-European. You all try to claim this n that white people did this, black people did that, when in truth the groups classifications and so called ‘races’ of people back 2000 years ago would have been different to now. There were likely to have been ‘black’ romans or ‘mixed race’ romans. Oh but wait none of you tend to focus on the face that people actually are of mixed heritage. It isn’t something flipping new in the 20th Century! All you all want and have ever done is claim people of uncertain descent for youselves. The whites claim how ridiculous that people were of african origin, and the blacks claim all mixed race people in history as black people.

      Some people you see today that you’d assume were ‘white’ actually have a ‘black’ grandparent, i.e are so called 1/4 black, but you wouldn’t tell immediately when looking at them. So it could very easily have been that there were black romans that settled in Britain many hundreds of years ago. Look at Brazil, South Africa etc just over a few hundred years there has become a new ‘look’ of people. in another 500 years we wouldn’t really be able to tell their ancestor but may be just classed as another racial group of people.

      I want to learn the truth about African history and i belive a lot of it has been warped by racist Europeans and Arabs, but then when u hear some pro-african people going on about how black people invented everything, and europeans did nothing, and calling them white pink trash etc also makes yo wonder what’s credible that’s said of them.

      In truth i will never know, but all i know is that history has been warped and people of african descent have been a part of history and other societies in the past. All people do is look at today’s culture and think naaah that couldn’t have happened, when it has.

  11. Flabbergasted @ the vile vibes out there and depth of deluded fabrication. Love the cooling vibes of the sister.

    The liar undermines the truth by bringing the truth into disrepute. Falsehood will be revealed and dismissed and is happening now.

    All Peace and Love, life is a lesson for learning.

    OneLove Blessnz

  12. The Native people of England were Celt’s. The Celts were one of the White Tribes of Europe. Two thousand years ago, the Romans invaded England & they brought a bunch of Black Africans with them & they set about exterminating the White Britons, the White Britons fought with incredible courage, they had no fear of Death, but their style of warfare was fundamentally different to the Romans. The Celts were Manly fighters which liked to fight Man against Man, they possessed incredible courge, they fought naked & without armour, this made them easy targets for the Cowardly Roman Blacks, which only fought in legions all togather & covered in armour.

    Whole Tribes of the Native White Celtic Britons were wiped out. Even Babies were butchered in their Mothers arms. The White Tribes which surrendered to the Roman multi Race society, were put in chains & turned into White slaves & worked to death in the tin & copper mines, even little Children were worked to Death. The Girls were enslaved Raped & turned into prostitutes.

    But the White Tribes of Europe united against the Roman multi Race scum & brought their sick empier crashing to the ground & then the White Tribes of Europe came back into Briton & liberated it & drove out the foreign multi Race Roman/African invaders & reclaimed it for the White Tribes of Europe.

    Then we lived in peace until another bunch of Multi Race supporters arived here a thousand years ago under a Cur by the name of Willem the Conquer, his Norman invasion was Bank rolled by Jews & between the Normans & their Jewish financers, they conquered the Saxons & the Celts in Britian & then then invaded Ireland & started a War between Britian & Ireland which lasted almost a thousand years. The Normans & Jewish invaders declared themselves to be Royalty of Britian & Ireland, they destroyed our White Celtic & Saxon Tribal culture. Thease parasites are the ones who are still ruling our land & Lording it over us. For the last thousand years they have used us as cannon fodder for their War games. World War 1 & World War 2 was a Genocide of the White Race. Hundreds of Millions of the cream of the White Race were wiped out & replaced by Blacks from the Caribbean & Africa & they are encouraging thease Blacks to Race Mix with our White Race, so that they can then call us a “Mongrel Nation” . They want our Beautiful White Race to become extinct, because they are jealous of us.

    1. James i really hope you dont live your whole life with this kind of mentallity, in this day and age we must learn to live among those who are different from us and also to love them otherwise we are doomed to a life of bitterness and misery. i dont understand why people think that the presence of different cultures and races has to mean the destruction of their own. it is possible to retain your own cultural heritage and traditions while accepting those of others. yet we all must accept that we cannot hold on to our traditions for ever some will be lost and replaced; this is how it has always been and always will be otherwise we would still be living in caves

  13. Exuse me, ive not read every comment, but there was one written by Mohammed, whom i dont know why blaimed rastafarians, when im pretty sure the BBC isnt handled by Rastafarians. But to get to the point, ALL humans are of black descent. The first men came from africa.
    Any way, to all, who the fuck cares?
    where all human.
    Jah bless you all

  14. and also, to the comment above, cowardly black legions?
    i mean, what about all the colonial times when african tribes fought just like the celts but againts muskets?
    still, why fight about this? its just a different scource…

  15. The problem with white racists is they’ve convinced themselves that physically, there can only be one time of black person–something out of their stereotypes. But even if we stay in so-called Sub-Saharan Africa, you will discover more diversity in single African tribes than in the entire white race. Just take the Igbos of Nigeria for example. Some of them are nearly white in color, some are virtually black. Some have narrow faces, thin lips and pointy noses. Some have wide faces, broad noses and full lips. Some are long and lean, some stout and muscular. There is absolutely no Caucasian or Arab admixture. These people are 100% black African. Other ethic groups are the same way.

    Therefore if you see a depiction of an ancient Egyptian, no matter how that Egyptian looks, there are unmixed Africans today who look just like him or her. There is tremendous variety even within the same family. Africa, after all, has the most genetic diversity. This is a scientific fact. White racists actually take diversity for granted among whites but they dismiss diversity among the more diverse blacks.

    1. Seth,The Euroclowns and Bigots are infact jealous and afraid us.We are the Original People On planet earth.From us came all others.The Europeans knows very that we gave them what they have today and without us they are nowhere.They are less intelligent than us.They have a recessive brain that makes them behave as a beast.This is the caveman mentality.Brother Seth Man Know Thyself.They are feeding from our because we allowed them to exist.These European psychopthic bigots are just wannabes.Personally they are inferior to me so i don’t give damn about them.These are their last days.The day of reckoning is coming.OUR GODS AUSAR,ASET,MAAT,HERU they are coming back to clean up this pink people.
      Hotep.

  16. Brothers and sisters lot of wellmeaning people in the world know the truth about ancient Africa’s greatness in education, religion and kingdoms. They also know that western philosophers and priests studied in africa and went to europe to educate their own well before Christianity was a dream . Thererefore brothers and sisters do not waste time explaining one thing to those that are scared of the African truth, rather focus your energies on spreading the research to your own in africa and diaspora. The truth is out and no one will manage to contain it without losing credebility. If only the disecration of holy graves in pyramids and other african lands can stop. If only Darfu and south sudan can survive the onslought to tell the truth to the rest of its african brethren and world sympathisers the story of genocide that must not repeated.

  17. do;nt waste your time dealing with the white man ie ,arab we are the mother,s and father.s of all humannity.in fact the arabs gave nothing to kemit and the ivaders there now are nothing more than bastards,maat hotep buy the way this planet will shout for joy whem the tamahu are gone!

  18. To the ignorant idiot by the name TRUTH, please, your bigotry shocks me. I am from Sub Saharan Africa and I can tell you, my early ancestors had their way of illustrating their way of life. They were hunter gatherers and would teach their children through paintings life stories that are still existing today in the caves around Sub Saharan Africa. We are talking hundreds of years old…Way before the whites set their feet on African soil. Go to Africa today and it is still there, amazing work……and you tell me they never wrote a book….my ass! How did they invent ink that last to this day? Talking of inventing wheels, at the time, given their way of life in warm Africa and the availability of bounty fruits and vegetables, Hellooo? Those other inventions were not necessary to them. Europeans had no choice given the harsh cold weather….they had to invent or die.
    Get it MF, truth my ass!

  19. greeks werent black they were a mix of celts, and other indo europeans but they were heavily influenced by egyptians who were of ethiopian, and northern african descent, as far as that book black spark white flame…. its total bullshit i read it in my senior year of highschool and it was full of maybes and possiblys, basically its not gospel nor is it really backed by genetic research. we do have to remember that the meditaranean is not that large and the middle east is land locked so of course there is mixing but not on a large enough scale to vaguely say “oh greeks are black” or “colchians are black” or egyptians are black, on the contrary alot of egyptians were greek from the conquests of alexander the great (cleopatra was greek, kind of a gross fact but to legitimize their claim to the throne they mimicked the old brother sister marriage thing, it was called the ptolomaic dynasty) and a lot of egytians were jewish not just kushites either but actually from places like palaestine. my long drawn out point is, human genetics is a complex thing but we can pinpoint certain realities and, no as a european im not afraid of the cultural gifts that came from africa, i dont really care cause guess what….you didnt invent them and you werent their and neither was I so get over it. cause in the end it doesnt matter what the hell you are humans are pathetic gross and far too proud, guess what in my mind for admitting this, im superior

  20. Whoa I hope I’m not the only person actually taking something useful away from this article. I’m really not interested in what colour any of you are or what ‘race’ of people are better. ‘Black’ people were largely written out of British history. All societies do it, they create an ‘other’ in order to create a national id. The racism of the process is not forgotten- that is the whole point of this article- actually there were black people in Britain, it is attempting to correct the record. Lets not use it as an excuse to continue the racism.

  21. The Ashanti, The Yorubas, The Edo, Benins, The Zulus, The Ntebele, all have culture peculiar to them, but a very strong undercurrent of unity.Leo Frobenius arrived in Ile-Ife and thought he had found Atlantis. Imagine this the country called Australia and New Zealand less than four centuries a ago was inhabited by a homogenous group of people. Very dark skin, bushy, curly air. But today it is multicultural with the white british settlers on top of the pyramid , the asians, chinese, hindu, now followed by the mix of white and aboroginal like the former olympic champion athlete. and finally the original charcoal black inhabitants in reservation like native AMERICANS. Alcohol, poverty and disease taking their toll. The end will come for them soon and the only thing left will be the mixture of the three. And them we will wonder what happened to them. It is happening in our life time. I have been to the valley of the kings, to the museum in Cairo, to Abou Simel, all that stared me in the face were authentic Negroes.There were charcoal looking black people on the tomb paintings,Dark Brown …… not even yellow and certainly not white.Karl Lepsius sums it up ‘Authentic Negroes’. Just for the sake of arguement sculpture is an anathema in Islam. Why would one destroy, deface monuments of unknown age if it belongs to one. Name calling is childs play. Cuba Gooding Jnr played Ben Carson, but I have seen pictures of him he was dark like the painting on the egyptian tomb painting.

  22. As sure as the sun rise, The children of the Sun must rise again. Critical reasoning is lost on anybody who is fed on the myth of his superiority. The only Egyptian tomb found intact was that of Tuthankhamun. There was two life style statues of him in his full regalia both as a King of peace and War. It was painted charcoal black. On his throne the picture of him and his wife , black. On his walking sticks/ staff of office were depicted all the races of mankind known , it was inclusive as well as intructive. He had himself painted in the same shade and colour charcoal black like his nubian subjects.Race is not a term any african use to designate themselves . They refer to tribes , which is a form of nationality, not race. The present inhabitants of north Africa came in in 640-641 AD. and they know it. The fact that they are called semites is intresting. What does the word semi, mean. Half , Half of what?. I think we all know the answer. There descendant in the 3rd and 4th generation are the quassi population of the entire meditaranean. I can understand their desire not to be identified with the african part of themselves, it is understandable but not true. The olive skin, jet black air, the pear shape of the women ‘steothyphygia ‘ ( big bottom and hips ). the modified thick lips and nose are the traditional markers of their ancestry. I always try to apply my thinking to two example that are familiar to us. The current US president, we call his black because he is really half black or half black. the former is not recognised in reality as he said in his own words, can’t catch a cab in New-York, and know where my hair is cut, and when am at functions am still asked for the drinks.His choice in marrying a wife shows his identification with his blackness,his education showed him the reality of the situation. He could have married the usual suspects but refused. A true son of Africa .

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