The Irish Slave Trade – The Forgotten “White” Slaves

The Slaves That Time Forgot

By John Martin

They came as slaves; vast human cargo transported on tall British ships bound for the Americas. They were shipped by the hundreds of thousands and included men, women, and even the youngest of children.

Whenever they rebelled or even disobeyed an order, they were punished in the harshest ways. Slave owners would hang their human property by their hands and set their hands or feet on fire as one form of punishment. They were burned alive and had their heads placed on pikes in the marketplace as a warning to other captives.

We don’t really need to go through all of the gory details, do we? After all, we know all too well the atrocities of the African slave trade. But, are we talking about African slavery?

King James II and Charles I led a continued effort to enslave the Irish. Britain’s famed Oliver Cromwell furthered this practice of dehumanizing one’s next door neighbor.

The Irish slave trade began when James II sold 30,000 Irish prisoners as slaves to the New World. His Proclamation of 1625 required Irish political prisoners be sent overseas and sold to English settlers in the West Indies. By the mid 1600s, the Irish were the main slaves sold to Antigua and Montserrat. At that time, 70% of the total population of Montserrat were Irish slaves.

Ireland quickly became the biggest source of human livestock for English merchants. The majority of the early slaves to the New World were actually white.

From 1641 to 1652, over 500,000 Irish were killed by the English and another 300,000 were sold as slaves. Ireland’s population fell from about 1,500,000 to 600,000 in one single decade. Families were ripped apart as the British did not allow Irish dads to take their wives and children with them across the Atlantic. This led to a helpless population of homeless women and children. Britain’s solution was to auction them off as well.

During the 1650s, over 100,000 Irish children between the ages of 10 and 14 were taken from their parents and sold as slaves in the West Indies, Virginia and New England. In this decade, 52,000 Irish (mostly women and children) were sold to Barbados and Virginia. Another 30,000 Irish men and women were also transported and sold to the highest bidder. In 1656, Cromwell ordered that 2000 Irish children be taken to Jamaica and sold as slaves to English settlers.

Many people today will avoid calling the Irish slaves what they truly were: Slaves. They’ll come up with terms like “Indentured Servants” to describe what occurred to the Irish. However, in most cases from the 17th and 18th centuries, Irish slaves were nothing more than human cattle.

As an example, the African slave trade was just beginning during this same period. It is well recorded that African slaves, not tainted with the stain of the hated Catholic theology and more expensive to purchase, were often treated far better than their Irish counterparts.

African slaves were very expensive during the late 1600s (50 Sterling). Irish slaves came cheap (no more than 5 Sterling). If a planter whipped or branded or beat an Irish slave to death, it was never a crime. A death was a monetary setback, but far cheaper than killing a more expensive African.

The English masters quickly began breeding the Irish women for both their own personal pleasure and for greater profit. Children of slaves were themselves slaves, which increased the size of the master’s free workforce. Even if an Irish woman somehow obtained her freedom, her kids would remain slaves of her master. Thus, Irish moms, even with this new found emancipation, would seldom abandon their kids and would remain in servitude.

In time, the English thought of a better way to use these women (in many cases, girls as young as 12) to increase their market share: The settlers began to breed Irish women and girls with African men to produce slaves with a distinct complexion. These new “mulatto” slaves brought a higher price than Irish livestock and, likewise, enabled the settlers to save money rather than purchase new African slaves.

This practice of interbreeding Irish females with African men went on for several decades and was so widespread that, in 1681, legislation was passed “forbidding the practice of mating Irish slave women to African slave men for the purpose of producing slaves for sale.” In short, it was stopped only because it interfered with the profits of a large slave transport company.

England continued to ship tens of thousands of Irish slaves for more than a century. Records state that, after the 1798 Irish Rebellion, thousands of Irish slaves were sold to both America and Australia.

There were horrible abuses of both African and Irish captives. One British ship even dumped 1,302 slaves into the Atlantic Ocean so that the crew would have plenty of food to eat.

There is little question that the Irish experienced the horrors of slavery as much (if not more in the 17th Century) as the Africans did. There is, also, very little question that those brown, tanned faces you witness in your travels to the West Indies are very likely a combination of African and Irish ancestry.

In 1839, Britain finally decided on it’s own to end it’s participation in Satan’s highway to hell and stopped transporting slaves. While their decision did not stop pirates from doing what they desired, the new law slowly concluded THIS chapter of nightmarish Irish misery.

But, if anyone, black or white, believes that slavery was only an African experience, then they’ve got it completely wrong.

Irish slavery is a subject worth remembering, not erasing from our memories. But, where are our public (and PRIVATE) schools???? Where are the history books? Why is it so seldom discussed?

Do the memories of hundreds of thousands of Irish victims merit more than a mention from an unknown writer? Or is their story to be one that their English pirates intended: To (unlike the African book) have the Irish story utterly and completely disappear as if it never happened.

None of the Irish victims ever made it back to their homeland to describe their ordeal. These are the lost slaves; the ones that time and biased history books conveniently forgot.

http://afgen.com/forgotten_slaves.html

356 thoughts on “The Irish Slave Trade – The Forgotten “White” Slaves”

  1. Why do whites always think they know a black person’s struggle? Nobody tells the Jews how to hurt, Nobody tells the Indians to get over it, why is it We blacks who have suffered most have to get over something that is STILL happening? Tell me how many unarmed Irish, Jewish, Indian kids got slaughtered this year and their killer walk away scot free? Btw the way ALL 3 of these groups got tremendous help, they didn’t “GET OVER IT AND PULL THEMSELVES UP BY THE BOOTSTRAP”, like you arrogant europeans like to believe. The Irish slaves actually formed an alliance with the blacks and begin leading revolts. The movie “Gangs of New York” is a mild version of it. The British, GAVE irish White PRIVILEGE, and control of the police department, and you have been WHITE (not irish) ever since. The Jews received the State of Israel, land worth of 1.5 Billion Dollars from West Germany, and receives $20 million annually from US. The Indians received reservations and they got rich from the resources in the land, made them in casinos and get 100s of millions annually, along with some tribes being tax exempt. The Japanese Americans received $20,000 each after World War 2. Black people have never told these groups of people to get over it, why does everybody tell us to “STOP COMPLAINING”? Did we received reparations after even though we have suffered longer than all the groups i mentioned before COMBINED (400+ years)? No. Reparations was given to White Women.

    1. Irish and Scottish were enslaved for thousands of years! You guys get 400 years witch I would consider a taste of slavery and you milk it everyday. Black people are repaid with there welfare and your race card you get to pull not to mention the countless negro charities that usually will pay for anyones scholarship As long as your a shade darker than burnt. The white man only needs to sit back and watch you destroy yourself. Why are you crying you guys get your own month and a horrible president who disregards the law just as much as the commen folk. Fucken cry baby’s

      1. The Irish/Scottish people were not enslaved for thousands of years. LOL. White people haven’t even been on the planet for that long, a mere 6,000 years.

        1. Caucasians have been around for at least 50,000 years. Cro-Magnons were proto caucasoids, and their history reaches back to the upper paleolithic era. If you are jest and referring to the nonsensical idea that the earth is only 6000 years old, you should know that specious drivel was invented by a 16th century Irishman named Bishop James Ussher. Using the buybull as “evidence”, Ussher invented his false chronology. Modern Humans, Homo Sapiens are believed to have emerged about 195,000 years ago in Africa.

        2. Fossil evidence suggests that modern humans evolved in East Africa around 200,000 years ago, since fossils more than 150,000 years old are known from Ethiopia and Kenya. However, genetic data from recent African populations suggests that other regions may also have been important.
          Dumbass.
          *The more you know*

          1. I just read somewhere, darned if I can remember that some Asian fossils have been dated older than some of the oldest African fossils. That aside, what is important to note that no matter what continent, country or area. Man has been cruel to man since as far back as it can be documented. Civilizations were built on the lives and backs of slaves. Does that make it right? NO! Does it need to stop YES! We are supposed to be civilized, and science has proven over and over that we are all the same; organs and body parts can be transferred across the races when they match. What we have going on now that has been going on is class wars. We also have slavery happening under our noses which one would think those who’s ancestors have experienced it would be hyper-vigilant about it happening to others. Over a million people per year, just in the U.S. alone are being transported and traded as sex slaves, against their will. If we are outraged and angry about slavery, where is the outrage and anger for these people? Where is the outrage and anger for those who are kidnapped from their villages, or sold from their villages, then locked into factories to work for these large global corporations and companies? None of us can change what our ancestors are responsible for, what , what’s been done to our ancestors, but we can and do have the responsibility to respond to what’s being done to others today; or not a single one of us has any high ground or right to claim they were treated badly. We consume the goods that these forced laborers are producing around the globe. We are no better than those who did the enslaving before us if we don’t stop and change what is happening now.

      2. The Irish & Scottish were enslaved for thousands of years? That is a GOTdamn lie. Really, you think we’ve only experienced a pinch of slavery? We still have people suffering from Stockholm syndrome to this very day. Not to mention the Emmet Till’s(Trayvon, Michael, Eric, etc…) of the month. Every group benefits from welfare(especially white females) so take your petty insults and stereotypes elsewhere. You had the nerve to name yourself tired Irish/Scottish American. What the hell are you tired of exactly? Spewing your racist drivel. Because I sure am tired of it. The white man needs to sit back and keep his dirty albino hands out of non-White business. Ye have yet to do that.

        1. Typical. When you have trouble fitting the truth with logic you call names and pull the race card. I feel sorry for those of you that feel we should carry you with our hard work. Learn the facts not the hear say that a neighbor told you, or the one sided history modifying professors at east coast schools tell you. Read our history from the 1800’s if you can find it. You may not like the way they talk but you will learn the truth. Start at the library.

        2. Not a lie. read your REAL history. Every race has been enslaved. We are still slaves, slavery is just called the working class now a days. Keep keeping us separated.
          It was the black man that sold the black man to the white man to begin with. yes the euros exploited and capitalized on the slave trade but do you really think the average 1600’s 5 foot tall dutch or Englishman is going to go into the jungle and bring back live slaves, highly doubtful. Still goes on to this day in Africa, genocide, slavery, general atrocities, ect, ect. so save the horse shit and argue a different point. youre just as racist as that pretend wanna be Irishman

          1. and Eric, Treyvon and countless others have been murdered in cold blood but Mike Brown ….don’t think so sun, try again

      3. You are tired, being enslaved for thousands of years will do that to you.
        Their ( African/Americans) pain is still ongoing for a large percentage of them due to the type of thinking passed on through the ages, it’s called racism!
        History will be much kinder to President Obama than you were.

    2. A Chara, (friend),
      I completely agree with you, it makes perfect sense, Americans who were ripped from their families and their homelands on behalf of the American ruling class, clearly have entitlement to sufficient compensation to level the playing field for them.
      In addition, the unpaid work of their ancestors has built up America and its economy, and that debt is still due to those whose families were enslaved.

    3. A Tired Black man, I agree with you, of course the government should pay, they owe you for two centuries of unpaid work, and for the harm their slave trade has caused you.

      1. How should the government pay? With money? How about a good “black” education, one that “teaches” about real black history, about the creators of algebra, calculus, physics, geometry, geology, philosophy, real history (including all vantage points), political science, real european history first black, to mixed, and inclusive of white histories and the true denizens, mixed as they are, starting from over forty thousand years ago to the first time that gene, SLC24A5 or pink skin gene appeared about 12,000 years ago congruent with the Ice Age. By the way “race” only refers to all of humanity, there is no such thing as a black, white, yellow, or brown race. By definition, different “races” such as sheep, dogs, cats cannot produce offspring from the other animal races mentioned.

    4. Irish people suffered as much as black slaves did it horrible what we were put through back then by the British and no one really knows about it its mot in the history books there no books or films about it everyone is educated on black slavery there are books films everything but not one mention of all those Irish people that were used as slaves everyone just forgot about all them people black slavery was very sad and horrific but Irish slavery was just as bad

    5. That’s because Edomites/white men are the devil. They have no passion,regret, nor respect for nobody but themselves! For someone to say forget your history and get over it while their ppl benefit from slavery of the blacks slaves to this day, it just inhumane and evil! I can’t wait until god out these devils to death and make then my slave. God said, Whoever leads into captivity becomes captive.

      1. Duke, I am white. I do not know you and have never met you. I do not own any slaves. My family does not own any slaves. From the looks of my genealogy research, I am actually a descendant of one of the subjects of this article. Could you explain to me please what it is that I personally have ever done to you to deserve to be called a devil? What have I personally done to you that makes me worthy to be your slave? I do not know you. You do not know me.
        You fall to the stereotypical behaviour that all whites are accused of. I have never told you to get over anything, nor have I ever said that you have an easy life. The thing is? I have no control over having white skin. I am what I am because I was born this way. Why not take it up with God? He made us after all.

    6. The Japanese received $20,000 each because there were still victims that were still alive (mostly Japanese children and infants.)

      “The House, with Rep. Norman Y. Mineta (D-San Jose) emotionally recalling his own experiences in a camp for Japanese-American internees during World War II, today gave final congressional approval to a bill expressing a national apology and providing a $20,000 tax-free payment to every surviving internee.”

      You were never a slave. Nor do you know anybody that was a slave. And 80% of Black Americans came to this country AFTER slavery. Stop whining.

      1. Your stats is completely wrong and reflective of either an ignorant person or a mischievous liar.

        Virtually all African Americans are descended from slaves, either enslaved natives or were brought in from all over the world. The name African-American is a convenient shorthand often times incorrect.

    7. I believe you are wrong about white woman being the majority on welfare. It is the Hispanics nationwide who are and always have been the majority on welfare.
      Get your facts straight.
      I never knew welfare existed until I met Puerto Ricans! Also, most white women on welfare are retirees.

    8. Tired black man, when did the brits give the irish control of the police? Was it after the gangs of new York broke and they were looking for a new career, maybe your thinking of the Irish in America who the americans hired to do their policing. Anyway this article does not say that the Irish suffered more than the black slaves it says at that time in history they got the same treatment. The problem with you is you sound like an inverted racist you just hate all white people.

    9. Wrong, 40 acres and $2000 ($20,000 in today’s money) for every slave was the reperation given then. Too much is not being taught in school and this has to change.

    10. jews have been persecuted for thousands of years starting in Egypt which is part of Africa by the way , and the Irish were being persecuted by the English going back to King Edward and his (Lords Rights), the Blacks have been persecuted a lot longer then 400 years as well but the difference is they were persecuted and enslaved by themselves in Africa, I’m against slavery no matter the race but I’m also against the feeling of self entitlement that the African American population has everybody’s ancestors had it rough one time or another that doesn’t mean you deserve anything.

      1. The Blacks persecuted and enslaved themselves according to your sorry ass? In the same vien did the pinks persecute and enslave themselves when England was persecuting Ireland! Fool, do you figure that “the Blacks” have no ethnicity like you have in Europe? People need more schooling these days.

      2. That seems to be a white persons go to argument. Yes everyone has suffered in some way throughout history but we aren’t talking about the rest of the word we are talking about America. That’s like saying America should get over 9/11 because terrorism has been going on for years.

      3. The jews weren’t slaves in Egypt. That’s just another lie of the buybull. Archeological evidence comtradictsnthe claim. They just love playing the professional victim, while being the folks who profited from all of the slave trade.

    11. Romani gypsies knows how this feels. Do you not realize that others outside of your own race do in fact suffer too?

    12. As an Irish, who is studying my family history, and looking for lost family members who were taken, and knowing what I’ve been told about what my family went through. NO NO NO, not a single hand out was given to the Irish. Life was hard on them. Do you know that Irish weren’t considered white until the very late 1960’s? They had a separate box to be checked whenever asking for race. What has helped Irish fare better, and this is where you are correct, is their skin color, at least for most Irish. The Irish with darker skin haven’t fared as well. There was genocide in Ireland for the slaves and those who weren’t able to escape. In the last couple of decades it is finally being discussed, but not here in America, that 1.5 million Irish Catholics were starved to death and buried in mass graves. Even today Irish Catholics are being treated like Black Americans are in America via the police, the government and when traveling through British countries. However, you are very correct with the fact that once the Irish are able to lose the accent later in the 20th century that they were able to assimilate much easier into the American culture. What this article brings up, and I think everyone should note is that as the south is picked on right now, this whole country is guilty and can’t take a high road when it comes to the wrongs. The US and via the goods we consume each day is brought to us via slave labor in sweat shops around the world. Exploiting people for the evil greed of Wall Street; and we all have a part to play in this. Just because its out of sight and out of mind doesn’t mean it isn’t happening today. The million plus that are sex slave labor that are currently transported through the US each year, that none of us is fighting for… NONE of us, including you and me, don’t have a high road to take in this. We need to work together, not separately if things are going to change. That goes for all Americans. If people aren’t willing to do this no matter who they are and what the race, then they are part of the problem.

  2. Hmm. I have to say , that I was shocked to hear of the Irish being enslaved. I found this article after reading another artixle on the subject. What’s killing me about everyone’s comments here, is the fact that any of you would dare to compare history. It was all horrendous. It was all, unjust, and it was all very wrong. Unfortunately, slavery has been ariund for a lomg time. Not just whites enslaving blacks, but tbere was slavery witbin Agrican tribes as well as w

  3. This article was about Irish slavery…how did it become about Welfare and Black people (yes…I figured if you can call me White, I can call you Black). I personally think that everyone forgot what the point of this article (He who forgets the past is doomed to repeat it) and made it about personal grievances. Slavery…no mater what your color, is wrong and demoralizes the whole population and not just one group. Those being enslaved as well as those perpetrating the slavery lose their humanity in such demoralizing circumstances. Can we all just agree that it’s a well written article about something none of us know all the details about? I for one learned something from the article. However, I didn’t learn anything from the bickering that followed.

  4. Mr 0bama is not decended from “from slaves, either enslaved natives”. One cannot just pick and choose which peoples enslaved, sold, tortured, and killed

  5. It’s so sad that everyone is fighting and comparing there suffering from the cruelty that was inflicted on there ppl. It’s so hard, so painful to read and to only imagine the terrifying things that these humans were made to experience and endure :(
    I hate that this could happen to them and that man could be so cruel and evil to hurt any living being let alone living thing in such a disgusting sick and in justified way!!!!
    I don’t understand it, I just wish I could change it!!!! but I can’t, I hate I cant, I hate that this is our history!! I hate that they were so cruel and could let this kind of thing happen, I hate slavery!!!
    I hate that they think they are better and not a equal or deserve to think they have a right to hurt one but not feel there pain!!! How could anyone do that and not feel shame or beg for forgiveness, but to hide it and keep going on!!! It’s sick!! It’s not mentally right!!!
    I’m sorry :((((
    I think it’s so important tho that we learn these things by hearing everyone’s voice of suffering so we can make a change, do what’s right, make sure all is heard, every voice, open our eyes, see all as one, share our love, stop hating and fighting with one another, but get back at the ones who actually are on top, the money hungry and still in control now!! How can these evil ppls love for money and power over another mans pain and life still be above and ruling the world (us) today :( ( as what I have heard )
    What about the world and its pain
    Why are we not taking care of our world instead of being consumed in what they are feeding us to end our world.. Why are we busy fighting among each other.. Are we that gullible that we just take take coz agh it’s what we have to do coz they are.. And argh we need to do the everyday to day same thing coz that’s what we are told we have to do.. ?!?!?!
    Stuff money, money does not compare to that great feeling you get when you can help one or even grow a tree! Not even close
    You will never find your purpose or happiness
    If you can’t find the purpose of what our father in heaven , Creator of all things created all things for and why? You will never find true happiness until you see and look after all things for what they were created for. I hope that made sense :)
    Please don’t fight about what happened but learn from what happened to one another’s ppl and take back what was made for all of you to enjoy, share, care for and love with out the big buildings money ect killing it and us!!
    I prayer for ????
    love, peace and happiness
    What about Cambodia? Does anyone know what happened with those poor ppl :( ?

    1. Great comment. Now there needs to be a dialogue about what can be done together. I strongly suspect what is truly making the feeding of these tensions worse is the economy, and the fact that the divide between those who are living comfortably and those who aren’t is widening at such a great pace. Everyone is trying to hang on to what they have, looking around for someone to blame, and trying to climb to the top of the heap. What’s tragic about this that instead of massing in numbers, we are fractured and fighting amongst ourselves for our small pieces of the pie; while systematically the powers that be at the top are trying to take and keep as much of the pie for themselves as they can. This has gone on throughout history also. Lives are being hurt, lost, damaged and destroyed, across the board for greed. As it was then, it is now that it’s about profits, money and wealth. What’s even more tragic is that this is going more global than any of us can imagine. Instead of bringing slavery and exploitation to the US, the US is now taking it to the world, and leaving those who were brought here in the dust. The world’s wealthiest aren’t going to be happy until they have it all. Fighting with each other is not going to make the world or this country a better place. Understanding that we have more in common than more different is what is going to unite us to right the wrongs.

  6. all of you guys need to “bing” “google” whatever your favorite search engine is about slavery TODAY. I am sure we all have someone in our history who was mistreated one way or another. Today it is referred to as “human trafficking”. Search 55 little known facts about human trafficking. One fact.. there are more human slaves in the world today than EVER in history. Another fact there are an estimated 27 million adults and 13 million children AROUND THE WORLD who are victims of human trafficking. .. aka “slavery”. The key phrase here is AROUND THE WORLD. Men, women, children of all races. It is mostly sex trafficking but it is also for “organ harvesting”. Most human trafficking occurs in New York, California and Florida. There are many more sad facts. We all need to stop worrying about what the government might owe us because of our ancestors suffering and figure out what we might be able to do to stop SLAVERY today.

  7. I agree with you Darlene. No people today are responsible for anything that happened back then! But today, right now somebody’s loved one is being kidnapped & sold in Human trafficking, organ harvesting etc. Wake up, people of all colors from everywhere in th world are disappearing. GOD’S LOVE to you all

  8. I am Irish and Indian..Both sides of my ancestors were “mistreated”…But I wasn’t mistreated!! And I know tons of Black people that aren’t mistreated because they are black..FACT!!..I know personally because I grew up side by side with them…Some even married into my family!!..I have nephews,cousins and Uncles who are black!!..Racism is taught..It’s not something you are born feeling..If you want to stop racism then start with your children!!..Hate begets Hate..

  9. Please people, stay on topic. This is not about human trafficking in the 21st Century or slavery in America or anywhere else. It’s about the Irish being put to slavery back in the 1600s by the English. It was from a time none of us can related to and it was awful. No comparisons to any other race or incident should be made. It isn’t relevant to the topic. People need to admit that there were slaves of various races and/or ethnic groups. This is one group and this is what the article is about, what happened to the Irish at this time period. Anything else has no bearing.

  10. Enlightening article. Ridiculous comments. History is just that, the recorded past. It is unfortunate that more people do not take the time to read more than just their own self satisfying version of the past. I believe that the history of these United States begins with our revolution. From 1775 until the Emancipation Proclamation was less than 100 years, and from then til now is less than 200 years. We as a nation have far out paced our European and African ancestors in the area of human and civil rights. Be proud of who we are.

  11. People need to do some history research before commenting. Slavery has been around for as long as history has been recorded. Automatically we focus on the Atlantic Slave trade when we hear slavery but I will encourage you to not only read more on the Irish Slave trade but also the Arab Slave trade and the Saqaliba as a start.

  12. Note that there are no references or sources in this article. Where are they getting the numbers from? In fact, this is just a piece of Irish Nationalist propaganda to get people riled up at the English. It has since been recirculated through white supremacist sites in the US, into more moderate conservative sites, and now has gone viral and is every way.

    Here is a good debunking of this false narrative: http://www.academia.edu/9475964/The_Myth_of_Irish_Slaves_in_the_Colonies

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