The Demise of the Black Kings of Europe – Mantegna in Mantua

Mantegna in Mantua

Mary Beard

JUNE 11 2017

I confess that I escaped for election day (fearing the worst). I voted by post and went off to Italy where I had arranged to see some more of the key things I want to discuss in my ’emperors’ book’. You will, I warn you, be hearing about a few more of these (as it was a most amazing three days). But let me start with one of the added extras, one of the surprises that these visits often bring.

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The Russians who fought for Ethiopia in the battle of Adwa

Elia Bresci – Historical photos from the Horn of Africa

Menelik invited Leontiev to return to Ethiopia with a Russian military mission. In 1895 Leontiev organized a delivery of Russian weapons for Ethiopia: 30,000 rifles, 5,000,000 cartridges, 5000 sabres, and a few cannons. The presence of the Russian advisers at the battle of Adwa helped the Ethiopians achieve victory in the first Italo-Ethiopian War.[7][8] The Russian advisor Leonid Artamonov wrote that the Ethiopian artillery comprised 42 Russian mountain guns supported by a team of fifteen advisers.

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Depiction of Peter and Paul

pope urban peter n paul

From Wikipedia:

On the obverse it depicted (originally somewhat crudely) the early fathers of the Church of Rome, the apostles Peter and Paul, identified by the letters Sanctus Paulus and Sanctus Petrus (thus, SPA •SPE or SPASPE). Paul, on the left, was shown with flowing hair and long pointed beard composed of curved lines, while Peter, on the right, was shown with curly hair and shorter beard made of dome-shaped globetti (beads in relief). Each head was surrounded by a circle of globetti, and the rim of the seal was surrounded by an additional ring of such beads, while the heads themselves were separated by a depiction of a cross

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O-mar the Moor

O-mar

Illustration of Mar Elias, a bishop of the Church of the East, from the 18th–19th century

East Syriac: Mar or West Syriac: Mor is a title of respect in Syriac, literally meaning ‘my lord’. It is given to all saints and is also used before Christian name of bishops.

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Rastafarian Views on Life, Politics and Social Issues