This movement for the protection of human rights has manifested itself in several ways, most noticeably in the form of United Nations intervention in the name of human rights. Since its creation in the 1940s, the United Nation has initiated 34 peacekeeping operations, 20 of which have occurred since the end of the Cold War (Hadjor, pg 361). However, the idea of intervention in the name of human rights, as well as the notion of human rights in general has several problems associated with it. These problems relate to defining human rights as well as in enforcing them.

But it is not just class, ethnicity and race, both locally and globally, which are affected by the new technology of communication. The computer, the Internet and the World Wide Web may also carry the seeds of moral, ideological and religious reform. In this paper we are in the shadow of three historic personalities. There is Lord Lugard, perhaps the greatest British administrator in colonial Africa, and the person who amalgamated North and South Nigeria in 1914. Before Lugard conquered Nigeria there was Usman Dan Fodio, a major social reformer in the whole region and a writer.

Is it the end of romance between Professor Mazrui and the Nigerian Press? It is totally untrue that in my lecture at Bayero University in Kano in August I described the shift of political power to the South as "a terrible blunder committed by the North." That would have meant that I disapproved of Northerners voting for a Southern Presidential candidate. Nothing could be further from my point of view. I have always believed in one Nigeria, and I also believe in democracy. Voting across ethnic, religious and regional lives is healthy for Nigerian democracy.

This letter was initially written in response to the rapprochement between Nigeria and the IMF. It was a response that criticized the tendency to be uncritical and ahistorical in our approach to the analysis of political economy. I immediately think that an owner of capital that is moving into such a market had immense advantage and power vis a vis the impoverished country. It is incumbent on such a country's government not to have an unregulated market, and to ensure that people are paid a fair living wage.

SAP did considerable violence to the social fabric in Nigeria. The standard and quality of life of the majority of Nigerians deteriorated with the fall in the value of the naira. Contrary to projections that SAP would benefit rural dwellers, the devaluation of the naira increased the prices they had to pay for goods and services, thus whittling any increase in the income of even commodity farmers. The speculative activities of merchants who used commodity exports as a means of facilitating capital flight, initially drove up the prices of some agricultural exports such as cocoa, but by 1989, the cocoa market slumped, causing the incomes of cocoa farmers to diminish precipitously. Many committed suicide.

We draw your attention to the larger context within which Christopher's death occurred, and Chevron's culpability. Christopher was murdered in the line of duty while carrying out his legally constituted tasks. Chevron put him in a situation that made him vulnerable and accessible to his murderers. Chevron not only failed to protect Christopher, through acts of omission and commission, the company treated him like a veritable sacrificial lamb. This is because the corporation failed to consider the effects of its oil exploration, production and transportation on the environment and peoples of the Niger Delta communities in the locales where it does business.

Chevron’s record in the Niger Delta includes extensive pollution and gas flaring, construction of facilities in communities without consultation, and support for military repression. In May 1998, Chevron ended a nonviolent occupation of its Parabe platform by flying in Nigerian soldiers who opened fire on protesters with assault rifles, killing two people. In January 1999, Chevron-leased helicopters and speedboats carried soldiers to the villages Opia and Ikenyan, where they attacked villagers and burned houses to the ground.

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