By Malcolm X and Al-Muslimoon Staff (from the Malcolm X Museum)

Note: This set of responses to written questions from the Arabic-language monthly Al-Muslimoon, published by the Islamic Center in Geneva, Switzerland, is the last record of Malcolm's thinking. He wrote most of the responses the night of the fire-bombing of his home and wrote the last two as he sat in a Manhattan hotel the night before his death.

AL-MUSLIMOON: The Black Muslim Movement is one of the most controversial movements in the United States. Having been for a considerable period [of time] its main organizer and most prominent spokesman, could you kindly give us some concise firsthand picture of the background of this movement, its history, its main ethics and its actual strength?

I was born in Kampala, Uganda in 1969. I studied theology at St. Paul’s in Khartoum and now work as a Catholic priest in Kordofan and Darfur. I have been writing poetry since my school days. I volunteer as an editor for an online support group for writers and authors. My works remained unpublished in book form: The Bone of My Heart (Poetry Anthology), Dance of Memories (Novel), Talking Things (African Proverbs), Jimmy’s Neighborhood (Children’s Story), Legs of Lies (Short Stories) yet to be completed.

Jayshree Misra-Tripathi has taught English for the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma and as a second language. Born in Orissa (1956), she was educated in England, Orissa and Delhi University, where she received her M.A. in English in 1978. She has worked briefly, in the mid-80’s, with the news agency UNI and the Times of India, Delhi. She recently qualified for a postgraduate diploma in Human Rights Law from the National Law School of India University, Bangalore. Jayshree is the wife of a foreign service officer in the Indian Civil Services and has three children.

Jane Musoke-Nteyafas is a prolific writer and performer. Born in Moscow, Russia, her parents are retired Ugandan diplomats. She has been published in the Toronto Star, The Monitor (Uganda), The Share Magazine, The Pride Magazine, Taj Mahal review (India), an anthology and several websites. She is a member of Toronto poets and has performed her poetry orally at La Parole, Increase the peace, Brown girls in the Ring, 52 Inc, The Miss Africanada 2000 pageant, CKLN radio Station, Flow and many other Toronto venues. She also won the Miss Africanada 2000 pageant and currently lives in Toronto, Canada.

A graduate of Civil Engineering from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Frank Onyebu, is a new entrant into the world of poetry. He hails from Abatete in Eastern Nigeria and works in Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria, Warri, as an Engineer. Frank is not new to the literary world. Some of his works (drama series) are currently being compiled for publication. As an amateur writer with no formal training in literary arts, he hopes to convince others with similar yearnings to not rest on their oars.

Francis Okechukwu Ohanyido is a public health physician and philosopher-poet based in Kaduna state Nigeria. He started writing very early in life with most of his early influences coming from the works of wordsmiths like Achebe, Soyinka, Ngugi wa Thiongo, Chinweizu, and Ekwensi to mention just a few. He is the author of two collections; The Clankind Anthology and The Red Masquerade. He is also a prolific fine artist and designer. In th early nineties in the spirit of the Neo-African Renaissance, he started a Pan-African intellectual wave called Afrisecal Movement (sometimes called Afrisecaism). He has won many awards in the different genres of literature like the 1996 St. Pirans Poet Laureate. He is married to another young and equally versatile poet, Paula Iriowen Ohanyido, who is an Ecologist and lecturer in Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna. They are blessed with two children. He is an active member of the Association of Nigerian Authors (ANA) Kaduna alongside Kaduna Writers League.

Unigwe C. Emmanuel is a fast rising creative writer, poet, singer-songwriter, and stand –up comedian. He hails from Okija in Ihiala local government area of Anambra, but lives in Lagos. The 30 year old prolific wordsmith is a multiple winner of the ALIVE 2000 / 2001 song contest organized by the united states Agency for international development (USAID) and family health international (FHI Nigeria). He also won the DTD / NESCAFE poetry prize in the year 2002. Among his works are Golden words of wisdom (Published) a collection of indigenous African proverbs and wise sayings. Other unpublished works are the Aburi Encounter (short story), trials and triumphs of great men (motivational), Jemimah the bitter and the sweet (prose), dreams don’t always die (a play), and point of no return (short story). He is the financial secretary of the Association of Nigerian Authors (Lagos state chapter) and works as a facilitator for a Nigerian-based NGO.

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