AFONJA, Simi.

"Changing Patterns of Gender Stratification in West Africa," Persistent Equalities: Women and World Development, ed. Irene Tinker (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990), 198-209.

"Land Control: A Critical Factor in Yoruba Gender Stratification," Women and Class in Africa, eds., Clarire Robertson and Iris Berger (New York: Africana Publishing Company – Holms and Meier, 1986), 78-91.

"Women, Power and Authority in Traditional Yoruba Society,"  Visibility and Power: Essays on Women in Society and Development, eds., Dube, Leela, Eleanor Leacock and Shirley Ardener (Dehli: Oxford University Press, 1986), 136-157.

AGOZINO, Biko.

"What Women's Studies Offer Men: Entremesa Discussion," West Africa Review, vol. 2, no. 1 (August 2000) http://www.westafricareview.com/vol2.1/agozino.html.

"'Z is for Zero and N is for Nigger'": Postcolonial Theory of Theory for Recolonization?" West Africa Review, vol. 2, no. 1 (August 2000) http://www.westafricareview.com/vol2.1/agozino.html.

AHMADU, Fuambai.

"Rites and Wrongs: An Insider/Outsider Reflects on Power and Excision" in B. Shell-Duncan and Y. Hernlund (eds) Female "Circumcision" in Africa: Culture, Controversy and Change (Boulder/London: Lynne Rienner Press, 2000), 283-310.

AIDOO, Agnes Akosua.

"Asante Queen Mothers in Government and Politics in the Nineteenth Century." In Filomina Chioma Steady, ed. The Black Woman Cross-Culturally (Cambridge, Mass: Schenkman Publishers Co, 1981), 65-77.

Political Crisis and Social Change in the Asante Kingdom 1867-1901. (Ph.D. diss, Yale University, 1976).

AL-HASSAN, Susan.

"The Role of Women in Politics in Ghana," Feminist Perspectives, Vol. II. Voices of Wisdom, (Ottawa: MATCH International Centre, 1994), 9-18.

AMADIUME, Ifi.

Reinventing Africa: Matriarchy, Religion and Culture, (London, Zed Books Ltd., 1997).

Male daughters, Female Husbands, (London, Zed Books Ltd., 1987).

Amadiume, Ifi & Abdullahi An-Na'im.

The Politics of Memory: Truth, Healing & Social Justice (London: Zed Books, 2000)

AWE, Bolanle.

(all entries under Gender)

[Ed] Nigerian Women in Historical Perspective. (Lagos: Sankore/Bookcraft, 1992).

CHIKWENYE, Okonjo Ogunyemi.

The Wo/Man Palava (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1996)

DAVIES, Carole Boyce.

Co-edited (with Ann Adams) Ngambika: Studies of Women in African Literature, Carole Boyce Davies and Anne Adams Graves, (Trenton, New Jersey: African World Press, 1986)

"Feminist Consciousness and African Literary Criticism," Ngambika: Studies of Women in African Literature, Carole Boyce Davies and Anne Adams Graves, (Trenton, New Jersey: African World Press, 1986), 1-23.

EKEJIUBA, Felicia.

"Down to Fundamentals: Women-centred Heathholds in Rural West Africa." In Deborah Fahy Bryceson, ed. Women Wielding the Hoe (Oxford: Oxford University Press,1995), 47-61.

"Omu Okwei: The Merchant Queen of Ossamari," Nigeria, Sept 90 (1966): 213-220.

IMAM, A., Pittin R. & Omole, H.

Women and the Family: Edited Proceedings of the Second Annual Women In Nigeria Conference Dakar: Codesria, 1985.

JOHNSON-ODIM (or JOHNSON), Cheryl.

(all entries under History)

KALU, Anthonia.

(all entries under Literature)

LARBI, Madonna Owusuah.

"New Gender Perspectives for the Millennium: Challenges and Successful Models of North-South Collaboration," West Africa Review, vol. 2, no. 1 (August 2000) http://www.westafricareview.com/vol2.1/larbi.html.

MBA, Nina Emma.

Nigerian Women Mobilized: Women's Political Activities in Southern Nigeria, 1900-1965, (Berkeley: Institute of International Studies, University of California, 1982).

MEENA, Ruth.

[Ed] Gender in Southern Africa (SAPES Trust, 1992).

NDEGWA, Stephen N.

(main entries are in Political Science)

Co-authored (with Colleen MacMillan [student]). "Women and AIDS in Africa: The Mortal Significance of an Inferior Social Position," Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives, vol. 15, no. 2 (June 1996): 21-28.

NZEGWU, Nkiru.

(other entries in Art History and Philosophy)

"African Women and the Fire Dance," West Africa Review, vol. 2, no. 1 (August 2000) http://www.westafricareview.com/vol2.1/nzegwu1.html.

The MATCH Model: A 20-Year Study of a North-South Development Partnership, (Ottawa: MATCH International Centre, Canada, forthcoming 2000).

"The Politics of Gender in African Studies in the North," Women in African Scholarly Publishing, eds., Cassandra Veney and Paul Tiyambe Zeleza (in press).

"O Africa: Gender Imperialism in Academia," African Women and Feminism: Understanding The Complexity Of Sisterhood, ed. Oyeronke Oyewumi (Trenton, NJ.: Africa World Press, forthcoming 2001).

"Chasing Shadows: The Misplaced Search for Matriarchy," Canadian African Studies Association Journal (Fall 1999). Republished in West Africa Review, vol. 2, no. 1 (August 2000) http://www.westafricareview.com/vol2.1/nzegwu2.html.

"Grenzüberschreitungen Die Auslöschung der Geschlechter (gender) in der afrikanischen Kunstgeschichte" (Crossing Boundaries: Gender Effacement in African Art History), Polylog: Journal for Intercultural Philosophy (German) vol. 1, no. 4 (1999): 54-69.

"Colonial Racism: Sweeping Out Africa with Europe’s Broom," Philosophy and Racism, eds., Susan Babbitt and Sue Campbell (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999), 124-156.

"Transgressive Vision: Subverting the Power of Masculinity," Issues in Contemporary African Art, ed. Nkiru Nzegwu (Binghamton: ISSA, 1998), 105-134.

"may the bullet not find me," Cultural Activisms: Poetic Voices, Political Voices, eds., Gertrude M. James Gonzales and Ann Mamary (Albany: SUNY Press, 1999), 245-267.

"Recovering Igbo Women's Traditions for Development: The Case of Ikporo Onitsha," Women, Culture and Development, eds., Martha Nussbaum and Jonathan Glover (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1995), 444-465.

"In Praise of the Orishas: A Diasporic African Spirituality," Matriart: Contemporary Visual Art, no. 3 (1997), 36-43.

"Philosophers' Intellectual Responsibility to African Females," American Philosophical Association (APA) Newsletter, (November 1996), 130-135.

"Reality on the Wings of Abstraction," International Review of African American Art, Special Issue on Abstraction (November 1996), 3-12.

"Questions of Identity and Inheritance: A Critical Review Anthony Appiah's: In My Father's House," HYPATIA: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy, Special Issue on Feminist Theory and the Family, vol. 2, no. 1 (Winter 1996), 176-199.

"Khadejha McCall: Many Rivers to Cross," Matriart: A Canadian Feminist Art Journal, vol. 4, no. 4 (1994), 6-11.

"Gender Equality In a Dual Sex System: The Case of Onitsha," Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence, vol. 7, no. 1(1994), 73-95.

"Confronting Racism: Toward the Formation of a Female-Identified Consciousness," Canadian Journal for Women and the Law, vol. 7, no. 1 (1994), 15-33.

OBBO, Christine.

"East African Women, Work, and the Articulation of Dominance," in Persistent Equalities: Women and World Development, Irene Tinder, ed. (New York: Oxford Univeristy Press, 1990), 210-222.

"Stratification and the Lives of Women in Uganda." In Women and Class in Africa, eds., Clarie Robertson and Iris Berger (New York: Africana Publishing Company – Holms and Meier, 1986), 178-194.

OBIORA, Leslye Amede.

(other entries in Law)

"Bridges and Barricades: Rethinking Polemics and Intransigence in the Campaign Against Female Circumcision," Case Western Law Review, 47, 275 (1997). Reprinted in Bartlett & Harris, Gender and Law; Wing, Global Critical Race Feminism.

"Feminism, Globalization and Culture: After Beijing," Journal of Global Legal Studies, 4, 355, (1997).

"Of the Female in American Legal Education," Law and Social Inquiry, 21, 355 (1996).

"Beyond the Rhetoric of a Right to Development," Law and Policy, 18, 355 (1996).

"The Little Foxes that Spoil the Vine: Re-visiting the Feminist Critique of Female Circumcision," Canadian Journal of Women & Law, 9, 46 (1996). Reprinted in African Women and Feminism: Understanding The Complexity Of Sisterhood, ed., Oyeronke Oyewumi (Trenton, NJ.: Africa World Press, forthcoming 1999).

"The Irony of Finger-Pointing: On Situating a Critic in Her Discourse," III Circles Buffalo Women's Journal of Law and Social Policy, (1995). A sequel to this vignette appeared in IV Circles as a conversation with Monika Jardine and Julia Hall..

"New Wine, Old Skin: (En)Gaging Nationalism, Traditionalism & Gender Relations," Indiana Law Review, 28, 3 (1995 Symposium Issue).

"Rekindling the Domain of Social Reform through Law, Third World Legal Studies, 103, 1994-95. 

"Reconsidering African Customary Law," Legal Studies Forum, XVII, 3,  217 (1993). 

"What Every Woman In Nigeria Should Know," Int'l. Planned Parenthood Federation Series, (1986).

OGUNDIPE-LESLIE, Omolara.

Re-Creating Ourselves: African Women & Critical Transformations (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, Inc., 1994), 21-41.

"Women in Nigeria" in Women in Nigeria Today, (London: Zed Books, 1985): 119-131.

"NIGERIA: Not Spinning on the Axis of Maleness," Sisterhood is Global, ed. Robin Morgan (New York: Anchor Books, 1984), 498-504.

OKOME, Mojubaolu OluFunke.

(other entries in Political Science)

"What Women, Whose Development? A Critical Analysis of Western Feminist Evangelism on African Women," African Women and Feminism: Reflections on the Politics of Sisterhood, ed. Oyeronke Oyewumi, ed. (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, forthcoming 1999).

OKONJO, Kamene.

"Women's Political Participation in Nigeria,"   The Black Woman Cross-Culturally, ed. Filomina Chioma Steady (Cambridge, Mass: Schenkman Publishers Co, 1981), 79-106.

"The Dual-Sex Political System in Operation: Igbo Women and Community Politics in Midwestern Nigeria," Women in Africa: Social and Economic Change, eds., Hafkin and Bay (Stanford University Press, 1976), 45-58.

OPPONG, Christine.

Ed. Sex Roles, Population and Development in West Africa: Policy-Related Studies on Work and Demographic Issues. Portsmouth, New Hampshire: Heinemann, 1987.

Middle Class African Marriage (London: George Allen Unwin, 1974).

OYEWUMI, Oyeronke.

[Ed] African Women and Feminism: Reflecting on the Politics of Sisterhood, (Trenton, NJ.: Africa World Press, in press).

"Feminism, Sisterhood and Other Foreign Bodies," [Introduction] African Women and Feminism: Reflecting on the Politics of Sisterhood, ed. Oyeronke Oyewumi (Trenton, NJ.: Africa World Press, in press).

"White Women's Burden: The African Woman in Western Feminist Scholarship," African Women and Feminism: Reflecting on the Politics of Sisterhood, ed. Oyeronke Oyewumi (Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press, in press).

"Alice in Motherland: Reading Alice Walker on Africa and Screening the Color Black," African Women and Feminism: Reflecting on the Politics of Sisterhood, ed. Oyeronke Oyewumi (Trenton, NJ.: Africa World Press, in press).

"Multiculturalism or Multibodism: On the Impossible Intersections of Race and Gender in White Feminist and Black Nationalist Discourses," Western Journal of Black Studies (in press).

"DeConfounding Gender: Feminist Theorizing and Western Culture," Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 23 (1), no. 4 (1) (Summer 1998).

"Making History, Creating Gender: Some Methodological and Interpretive Questions in the Writing of Yoruba Oral Traditions," History in Africa, vol. 25 (1998).

The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses (Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 1997).

"The Role of the Writing Class in Engendering Yoruba Discourse," International Journal of African Studies, vol. 1, no. 1 (Fall 1997).

Inventing Gender: Questioning Gender in Pre-colonial Yorubaland," Problems in African History, ed. Robert O. Collins (New York: Marcus Wiener Publishing, Inc., 1993).

PALA, Achola Okeyo.

"Definitions of Women and Development: An African Perspective," Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 9 (1977), 9-13.

"Reflections on Development Myths," Africa Report, March/April (1981), 7-10.

PARPART, Jane L.

Ed. Women and Development in Africa: Comparative Perspectives, Dalhousie African Studies Series 7. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1989.

PEARCE, Tola.

(Gender related entries in Sociology)

SOW, Fatou.

[Eds] avec Ayesha Imam, Amina Mama, Engendering African social sciences, Codesria, Dakar, (1997).

"Les femmes et la terre: étude de la ténure foncière au Sénégal," Les femmes, la gestion des ressources naturelles et l'environnement en Afrique, Centre de Recherche pour le Développement International, York University (Canada), édité par Shimwaayi Mutemba et Bonnie Kettel, à paraître en 1996.

"Quand l'une n'est pas l'autre," Vivre Autrement, 5º Série, Beijing 95, Enda, Paris, septembre 1995.

"Les femmes rurales chefs de ménage en Afrique Subsaharienne," IFAN/FAO, novembre 1995, à paraitre dans la Série Études de la FAO.

"La cinquième conférence régionale africaine des femmes de Dakar," Recherches féministes, Université Laval, Québec, vol. 8, n° 1(1995), 175­183.

"Les Femmes et la terre," Vivre Autrement, 4º Série, Copenhague 95, Enda, Paris, nº 5, 8 mars 1995, 5­6

[Eds] avec Mamadou Diof, Femmes Sénégalaises à l'horizon 2015, Ministère de la Femme, de l'Enfant et de la Famille, The Population Concil, Dakar, IMprimerie St Paul, Dakar, 1993.

"Les initiatives féministes au Sénégal: une réponse à la crise?" Africa Développement (Actes du Colloque sur l'Etat et la Société au Sénégal: crises et dynamiques sociales), CODESRIA, Dakar, vol. 18, n° 3, 1993, 89-115.

STEADY, Filomina Chioma.

[Ed]  The Black Woman Cross-Culturally (Cambridge, Mass: Schenkman Publishers Co, 1981).

"The Black Woman Cross-Culturally: An Overview," The Black Woman Cross-Culturally, ed. Filomina Chioma Steady (Cambridge, Mass: Schenkman Publishers Co, 1981), 7-41.

STROBEL, Margaret.

“The ‘Don’t Throw It Away!’ Project at the University of Illinois at Chicago,” NWSA Journal 12, no. 2 (Summer 2000), 163-69.

“The Academy and the Activist: Collective Practice and Multicultural Focus,” in The Politics of Women’s Studies: Testimony from 30 Founding Mothers, edited by Florence Howe (New York: The Feminist Press, 2000), 155-79.

"Becoming an Historian, Being an Activist, and Thinking Archivally: Documents and Memory as Sources," Journal of Women's History, 11, no. 1 (Spring 1999), 181-92.

"Drop by Drop the Bottle Fills," in Voices of Women Historians: The Personal, The Political, the Professional, edited by Eileen Boris and Nupur Chaudhuri (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999), 174–88.

“Gender, Race and Empire in Nineteenth- and Twentieth- Century Africa and Asia," in Becoming Visible, ed. Renate Bridenthal, Susan M. Stuard, and Merry E. Weisner (3rd ed.; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998), 389-414.

"Organizational Learning in the Chicago Women's Liberation Union," in Feminist Organizations: Harvest of the New Women's Movement, edited by Myra Marx Ferree and Patricia Yancey Martin (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995), 145-64.

"Consciousness and Action: Historical Agency in the Chicago Women's Liberation Union," in Provoking Agents: Theorizing Gender and Agency, ed. Judith Kegan Gardiner (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995), 52-68.

[Ed] with Cheryl Johnson-Odim Expanding the Borders of Women's History: Essays on Women in the Third World, (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992); co-author of the introduction.

[Ed] with Nupur Chaudhuri Western Women and Imperialism: Complicity and Resistance (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992); co-author of introduction.

"Gender, Sex, and Empire," pamphlet for the American Historical Association's series Essays on Global and Comparative History (1992), reprinted in Islamic and European Expansion and the Forging of a Global Order, Vol. I of series Essays on Global and Comparative History, ed. Michael Adas (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993), 345-75.

“Women in Religious and Secular Ideology," in Women in Subsaharan Africa, ed. Margaret Jean Hay and Sharon Stichter (1984, 2nd ed. New York: Longman, Inc., 1995), 101-18.

European Women and the Second British Empire (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991).

Coauthor of introduction, special issue of Signs, A Journal of Women in Culture and Society on African women, coedited with Bolanle Awe, Susan Geiger, Nina Mba, Marjorie Mbilinyi, and Ruth Meena, 16, no. 3 (Summer 1991).

"Women's Liberation Unions," in The Encyclopedia of the American Left, ed. Mari Jo Buhle, Paul Buhle, and Dan Georgakas (New York: Garland Publishing, 1990), 841-42.

Three Swahili Women; Life Histories from Mombasa, Kenya, edited with Sarah Mirza. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989); available in Swahili as Wanawake Watatu wa Kiswahili (Indiana University Press, 1990).

Coauthor of introduction, special issue of Women's Studies International Forum on Western women and imperialism, coedited with Nupur Chaudhuri, 13, no. 4 (July 1990).

[Ed] with Cheryl Johnson-Odim, two special issues of Journal of Women's History on women in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Middle East, 1, no. 2 (September 1989) and 2, no. 1 (May 1990).

Coauthor of introduction, “Restoring Women to History”; four book series on women in the history of Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East, coedited with Cheryl Johnson-Odim. (1988, rev. ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999).

"Gender and Race in the Nineteenth- and Twentieth- Century British Empire," in Becoming Visible, ed. Renate Bridenthal, Claudia Koonz, and Susan M. Stuard (2nd ed.; Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987; 3rd edition forthcoming), 375-96.

"Family History in Africa," Trends in History, 3, no. 3/4 (Spring/Summer 1985), 127-49, with Karen Tranberg Hansen.

"Slavery and Reproductive Labor in Mombasa," in Women and Slavery in Africa, ed. Claire C. Robertson and Martin A. Klein (Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1983), 111-29.

"Review Essay: African Women," Signs, A Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 8, no. 1 (Autumn 1982), 109-31.

"Doing Oral History as an Outsider," Frontiers, A Journal of Women's Studies, 2, no. 2 (Summer 1977), 68-72.

Muslim Women in Mombasa, 1890-1975 (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1979); co-winner of the Herskovits Award, African Studies Association, 1980.

"From Lelemama to Lobbying: Women's Associations in Mombasa, Kenya," in Women in Africa; Studies in Social and Economic Change, ed. Nancy J. Hafkin and Edna G. Bay (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1976), 183-211. Also published in History and Social Change in East Africa (Hadith 6) ed. Bethwell A. Ogot (Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1976), 207-35.

SUDARKASA, Niara.

"Female Employment and Family Organization in West Africa," The Black Woman Cross-Culturally, ed. Filomina Chioma Steady (Cambridge, Mass: Schenkman Publishers Co, 1981), 49-63.

TRIPP, Aili.

"Women and Political Change in Eurasia and Africa." In Crawford Young and Mark Beissinger, eds., Beyond State Crisis?: Africa and Post-Soviet Eurasia in Comparative Perspective. Washington: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. Forthcoming.

"The Accommodation of Cultural Diversity in Tanzania." Aili Tripp and Crawford Young. In Dan Chirot and Martin Seligman, eds., Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences, and Possible Solutions. American Psychological Association Press. Forthcoming.

"The Politics of Autonomy and Cooptation in Africa: The Case of the Ugandan Women's Movement." Journal of Modern African Studies. 39 (1): March 2001. Forthcoming.

"Women's Movements and Challenges to Neopatrimonial Rule: Preliminary Observations from Africa." Development and Change. 32 (1) 2001. Forthcoming.

Women & Politics in Uganda. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press; Oxford: James Currey and Kampala: Fountain Press. 2000.

"Rethinking 'Difference': Comparative Perspectives from Africa." Signs. 25 (3). 2000, 649-675.

"Political Reform in Tanzania: The Struggle for Associational Autonomy." Comparative Politics. 32 (2) 2000: 191-214.

"The Political Mediation of Ethnic and Religious Diversity in Tanzania." In Crawford Young, ed. The Accommodation of Cultural Diversity: Case Studies. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999, 37-71.

"Expanding 'Civil Society': Women and Political Space in Contemporary Uganda." Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics. 36 (2): 84- 107. 1998. [Reprinted in Nelson Kasfir, ed., Civil Society and Democratisation in Africa. Portland, Oregon, and Ilford, Essex, UK: Frank Cass Publishers. 84-107. 1998.]

"Gender, Political Participation, and the Transformation of Associational Life in Uganda and Tanzania." African Studies Review 37 (1): 107-131. 1994. [Reprinted in Peter Lewis, ed., Africa: Dilemmas of Development and Change. Boulder: Westview Press. 232-257. 1998.]

"Participation and Institutional Autonomy: Local Women's Associations in Contemporary Uganda," In Holger Bernt Hansen and Michael Twaddle, eds, Developing Uganda. London: James Currey. 120-132. 1998.

"Expanding 'Civil Society': Women and Political Space in Contemporary Uganda." In Nelson Kasfir, ed., Civil Society and Democratisation in Africa. Portland, Oregon, and Ilford, Essex, UK: Frank Cass Publishers. 84-107. 1998. [Reprinted from Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics. 36 (2): 84-107. 1998.]

Changing the Rules: The Politics of Liberalization and the Urban Informal Economy in Tanzania. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. 1997.

[Ed] with Marja-Liisa Swantz. What Went Right in Tanzania? People's Responses to Directed Development. Dar es Salaam: University of Dar es Salaam Press. 1996.

"Urban Women's Movements and Political Liberalization in East Africa." In Kathleen Sheldon, ed., Courtyards, Markets, City Streets: Women in Urban Africa. Boulder: Westview Press. 285-308. 1996.

"Development for 'Big Fish' or for 'Small Fish': A Study of Contrasts in Tanzania's Fishing Sector." Co-authored chapter with Marja-Liisa Swantz in Frédérique Apffel-Marglin and Stephen A. Marglin, eds., Decolonizing Knowledge: From Development to Dialogue. Oxford: Clarendon Press, Oxford University Press. 43-66. 1996.

Co-authored with Marja Liisa Swantz "Introduction," In Aili Mari Tripp and Marja-Liisa Swantz, eds., What Went Right in Tanzania? People's Responses to Directed Development. Dar es Salaam: University of Dar es Salaam Press. 1-25. 1996.

"Contesting the Right to Subsist: The Urban Informal Economy in Tanzania." In Aili Mari Tripp and Marja-Liisa Swantz, eds., What Went Right in Tanzania? People's Responses to Directed Development. Dar es Salaam: University of Dar es Salaam Press. 43-68. 1996.

"Urban Farming and Changing Rural-Urban Interactions in Tanzania," In Aili Mari Tripp and Marja-Liisa Swantz, eds., What Went Right in Tanzania? People's Responses to Directed Development. Dar es Salaam: University of Dar es Salaam Press. 98-116. 1996.

"The Impact of Crisis and Economic Reform on Tanzania's Changing Associational Life." In Eve Sandberg, ed., The Changing Politics of Non-Governmental Organizations and African States. Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers. 121-137. 1994.

"Gender, Political Participation, and the Transformation of Associational Life in Uganda and Tanzania." In Peter Lewis, ed., Africa: Dilemmas of Development and Change. Boulder: Westview Press. 232-257. 1998. [Reprinted from African Studies Review 37 (1): 107-131. 1994]

"Rethinking 'Civil Society': Gender Implications in Contemporary Tanzania." In Naomi Chazan, John Harbeson, Donald Rothchild, eds., Civil Society and the State in Africa. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. 149-168. 1994.

"Deindustrialization and the Growth of Women's Economic Associations and Networks in Urban Tanzania." In Sheila Rowbotham and Swasti Mitter, eds., Dignity and Daily Bread. London: Routledge. 139-157. 1994. [Reprinted in Lynn Duggan, Laurie Nisonoff, Nalini Visvanathan and Nan Wiegersma, eds., Women in Development Reader. London and New Jersey: Zed Books. 1997.]

"Local Organizations, Participation and the State in Urban Tanzania." In Michael Bratton and Goran Hyden, eds., Governance in Africa. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. 221-242. 1992.

"The Impact of Crisis and Economic Reform on Women in Urban Tanzania." In Lourdes Beneria and Shelley Feldman, eds., Unequal Burden: Economic Crises, Persistent Poverty and Women's Work. Boulder: Westview Press. 159-180. 1992.

"Urban Women and Tanzania's New 'Adjustment with a Human Face' Approach to Economic Recovery." In Lual Deng, Michael Kostner, and Crawford Young, eds., Democratization and Structural Adjustment in Africa in the 1990s. Madison: African Studies Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1991: 203-210.

"The Informal Economy and the State in Tanzania." In M. Estellie Smith, ed., The Informal Economy. Monographs in Economic Anthropology, No. 4. Lanham: University Press of America. 49-71. 1990.

"Women and the Changing Household Economy in Urban Tanzania." The Journal of Modern African Studies. 27 (4): 601-623. 1989.

UCHENDU, Patrick Kenechukwu, (Rev. Fr.,)

The Role of Nigerian Women in Politics: Past and Present. Enugu: Fourth Dimension, 1993

UFOMATA, Titilayo.

"Women in Africa: Their Socio-Political and Economic Roles," West Africa Review, vol. 2, no. 1 (August 2000) http://www.westafricareview.com/vol2.1/ufomata.html.