The Original Black African Arabs of Arabia (Part 3: Black African Kingdoms of Arabia) — Ogu Eji-Ofo Anu

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The Black African kingdoms of Arabia

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Ogu Eji Ofo Anu

The Himyarites: Yemen, Hadramaut, Oman

Yemen is one of the oldest inhabited portions of the Arabian Peninsula. It includes the entire southwest quarter, which possesses many advantages in climate and soil. Yemen was a colony of early Black Africans until the Arabized Arabs who are described in the preceding paragraph gradually infiltrated it. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Himyarites/Yemenites (and Hadramutians) are the same group of peoples as the African Ethiopians.

They are genetically, linguistically, and physically identical with Ethiopians. This may perhaps explain the reason why the ancient Greeks and Roman writers believed that Arabia was a political extension of Ethiopia Kush. (See Catholic Encyclopedia: Arab)

Even today, the similarity is so striking that one cannot fail to observe the clear connectedness between the Ethiopian tribes who live on both sides of the Red Sea.

Encyclopedia Britannica states that: “Yemenis of “northern” origin are thought to have descended from Mesopotamians who entered the region in the 1st millennium BC (mixed breed Arabized Arabs). The “southern” group represents the South Arabian stock (original African Ethiopian peoples), and the Arabic of the rural areas of former South Yemen is still heavily influenced by the ancient African Semito/Cushitic (i.e.South Arabian) languages.

The two groups maintain disparate genealogies and historical traditions concerning their roles and origins: The northern Yemenis trace their ancestry to Isma’il (Ishmael) through his descendant ‘Adnan, whereas their southern countrymen claim descent from Qahtan (the biblical Joktan).” As has been amply demonstrated, a branch of the Cushitic Ethiopian people whom later historians named the Sabeans settled South Yemen. They are a kindred nation of the Ethiopian Amharas, Tigreyans, and Eriterians (with possible addition from the Oromos) sharing a similar language, culture, architecture, religion, literature and written scripts.

Migrating from Ethiopia Kush, those Africans first settled in extreme southern west of the Peninsula. They then spread northward and eastward over Yemen, Hadramaut and Oman. Those Black Africans were later called the Himyarites after the name of one of their more famous states. The word Himyar is a synonym for dark or dusky, indicating the racial origin of these ruling peoples of early Arabia.

The Black Ethiopians were renowned international maritime traders of the ancient times. In the 1st century BC the coastal Himyarites, with control of the sea routes, established their dominion over Saba, and over the other south Arab kingdoms during the 1st century AD. They effectively monopolized supply of both indigenous resins (frankincense and myrrh – sought after by every temple of the ancient world) and imports of spice, textiles and ivory from India and East Africa.

The Ethio-Yemenite/Himyarites were a highly cultured people, masters of engineering and architecture. They were also a highly literate society that exhibited a great love for literature and written records. The Himyaritic language had a written script which for the most part is lost, but the few discovered fragments of the script suggests that it is African in origin and character. Its grammar is almost identical with the written Semitic languages of Ethiopia.

According to older versions of the Encyclopedia Britannica: “The institutions of Yemen bear a close resemblance to African types. The inhabitants of Yemen, Hadramaut, Oman and the adjoining districts, in the shape of the head, colour, length and slenderness of limbs and scantiness of hair, point to an African origin.” Even in these modern times, these Himyarites (Yemenites) still identify culturally with the Black (so-called sub-saharan) people of African Ethiopia. Arabia Kush and Arabia Musri

Even today, it is accepted that a common tread of language, culture, religion and physical human type occur in the Arabia as well as East Africa. Hack writers and imperialists intelligentsia have tried to explain away these very phenomena because they destroy the foundation of their racialist assumptions. Yet, some obnoxious racist historians and their unsupported lies cannot erase 50,000 years of African ownership of the Arabian Peninsula.

To further buttress the thesis of this article, it appears that they were two principalities in Arabia known as Kush or Ethiopia and Musri or Misraim. The two names are synonyms of very famous nations that existed in Africa from the dawn of time. Mizraim refers to Egypt whilst Kush refers to modern day Sudan and Ethiopia.

Ancient Assyrian, Greek, and Roman writers regularly referred to Arabia as part of Ethiopia populated by the same race of people. Assyrian, Greek and Roman texts also confirm that at least two Kingdoms of Arabia were denoted similarly as two of the most prominent undeniably African countries. Although not much is known about these principalities of Arabia Kush and Musri, there are sufficient snippets of information gathered from different ancient fragments including Assyrian text to give one an idea of these principalities.

In 1320 BC Shalmaneser I, began ruling Assyria. He subjugated many tribes and brought them within the political sway of Assyria. His records have him as having marched against the land of Musri (i.e. Arabia Musri or Mizraim also known as Arabia Egypt), in Northern Arabia. This is a clear reference to a polity in Arabia that shared certain deep connections with Egypt in Africa.

Assurbanipal a king of ancient Assyria also repeatedly spoke of his various successful expeditions into and conquests in the lands of Musri, Magan, Meluhha, and Kush in Arabia. This is another very important reference source on the existence of a Kushitic political establishment in ancient Arabia.

About 1120-1110 B.C. Tiglath-pileser I, became King of Assyria in place of his father Asshur-resh-ishi. Tiglath-pileser also recorded his exploits against the Musri or Mizraim of ancient Arabia. See “A Brief Overview Of Assyrian History From Early Beginnings To Sargon II” by Lishtar: Gateway

However one sees it, the ancient African Arabian connection cannot be escaped. In those days, it was the Black Africans that set the initiate and determined the agenda.

Their colonization of Arabia is obvious from the fact that they knew to name those settlements in Arabia after the names of the African regions from where they originated.

 

Important Kingdoms of Arabia

The two most important kingdoms of ancient Arabia were that of the Mineans and that of the Sabeans. An African Kushitic branch of people who migrated from Ethiopia established those two principalities and many others which we shall presently consider.

 

Minean

The Minean Kingdom seems to have flourished in southern Arabia as early as 1200 B.C., and from the various Minean inscriptions found in northern Arabia they seem to have extended their power even to the north of the peninsula. Their principal cities were Main, Karnan, and Yatil. The Sabeans, after two centuries of repeated and persistent attacks, succeeded in overthrowing the rival Minean Kingdom and thence became the central power in Arabia.

 

Sheba/Saba

The memories of the Queen of Saba retain some of the greatest national legends and inspirational themes of the modern Ethiopian state. The Queen of Sheba was actually a real historical queen of Ethiopia known as Makeda. She was the founder of the last Ethiopian dynasty, which began with Menelik the First and ended with Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia in 1974. Her dynasty lasted for more than three thousand years and her name is etched in gemstones in Ethiopia.

Whereas the memory of Empress Makeda is so pervasive and dominant in Ethiopia’s historical and cultural consciousness, there is virtually no living memory of this great Empress in Yemen. People of Yemen have no living traditions on the Queen of Sheba nor of any dynasty based on this great Empress of Africa. Thus Ethiopia appears to be the more plausible center of her historical empire.

According to tradition, and the Kebra Negast, this Empress had inherited a farflung and powerful empire from her father Anagbo and built it to greater extents. Its reaches stretched from Arabia to India. Her capital was located on the Ethiopian mainland, and ruins of her palaces are top line tourist attraction for anyone who has ever visited Ethiopia.

Sheba/Saba appears to have been one of her principalities that was established in Arabia. It also served as a major trade center for the caravan route.

Without doubt, the Sabans were as black-skinned as the Ethiopians whom the Greeks thought were the blackest people in the world. The Shebans were an Ethiopian people, who had long lived in fertile parts of the Arabian Peninsula close to the coast of their African homeland. Sheba was as much a part of Ethiopia as Scotland is a part of Britain.

The Sabean, or Himyaritic, Kingdom (the Homeritae of the classics) is thought to have become increasing independent of Ethiopia and to have flourished either contemporaneously (D. H. Mueller) or after (Glaser, Hommel) the Minean Kingdom.

Its administrative center was Marib (the Mariaba of the Arabian classics) famous for its dam, the breaking of which is often mentioned by later Arabic poets and traditions as the immediate cause of the fall of the Sabean power. Saba, however was still prominent till about 300 A.D., when it was regained by the African Ethiopians.

Kataban

A third kingdom was that of Kataban, another Black African established principality, which gave rise to the modern Oman. The capital of Kataban was named Timna and was located on the trade route which passed through the other kingdoms of Hadramaut, Saba and Ma’in.

The chief diety of the Katabanians was Amm, probable connected with Ammon or Amun the chief God of Ancient Egypt and the people called themselves the “children of Amm” hence the modern day Arabic name Oman a cognate of the name Ammon.

Oman is one of those Gulf States still predominantly African in phenotype despite years of miscegenation. The Katabans were shrewd international traders of spices and perfumed which were primarily sourced from Ethiopia and Mozambique.

Together with their neigbours in Hadramut and Saba and Ethiopia, Kataban was known as the land of spices. The Sabeans destroyed the Katabanian state, with its capital, Timna, around the second century after Christ.

 

Hadramut and Habashah

A fouth Kingdom, Hadramaut, is also a very closely connected with Ethiopia and Somalia. Ethiopian/Kushitic Arabs built another kingdom called Habashah. The nexus between Habashah and Ethiopia is demonstrated by the fact that in Ethiopia there is a tribe of people known as Habashah who are kindred to the Habashas of South Arabia.

Tradition holds that the Ethiopian Habashah crossed over to Yemen and established the principality of Yemeni Habashah. These two Habashahs still maintain very close cultural links and there is virtually no difference between the Habashahs of Arabia and the Habashahs of Ethiopia.

 

The African Axumites and the Black Arabs:

The land of Punt was recognized by the ancient Egyptians as the land of the gods, of spices of incense and sweet perfumes. It was said the gods loved to be in that land due to its aromatic pungency. Punt was in those days the most prolific and ancient source of spices and incense. Punt was not only a sacred land it was also a country of great wealth which came from its ancient maritime trade through which it supplied incense and spices to the world.

The land of Punt was said to be located somewhere in the current modern state of Ethiopia. It was located just across the Red Sea close to the Bab-El-Manden. It was peopled by Black African Kushites. Many principalities rose on the surge of it’s pre-eminence.

One must note that Axum was neither the first nor the greatest Ethiopian civilization. Adulis (a famous sea-port of great antiquity), for instance had an older existence than Axum. Moreover, there are archaeological discoveries illustrating pre- Axumite civilization and culture, located at Coloe (some 20 km from Adi Qeyih), Yeha (near Axum), Tokanda (near Coloe). Axum is an indigenous African civilization which harmoniously blends in the proto-Afro-Semitic cultural complex of Ethiopia with the Afro-Cushitic Ethiopian cultural strain.

The Cushitic/Semitic- Black African Axumites had long dominated the coastal Red Sea trade before the establishment of the first Black Arab principality. They had grown successful off the lucrative ancient trade in spices and perfumes. Frankincense and myrrh, cinnamon, precious stones and metals were indigenous to their country. International trade was second nature to them since Punt was one of the oldest, if not the oldest maritime capital of the world.

The civilizations of Ethiopia was characterized by the practice of agriculture via irrigation and terracing. Ethiopians had knowledge of wheat and barley long before 1000 B.C. Soft wheat cultivation was concentrated around the centers of Axum, Harar and Addis Ababa. “The farmers of Arwe used the plough and the hoe or digging stick to prepare their fields for cultivation.” From here the plough was taken to South Arabia. (Winters, 2006).

Moreover, the expertise developed by the Southern Arabian monumental stone builders could have only been worked out in Ethiopia because in Ethiopia was the nearest and the most abundant stone quarries of the region, whereas Arabia being mostly desert and coast had little source of natural stones. It is logical to assume that stone building traditions must have developed in a region that had abundant stones even though it may later have dispersed to outlaying areas.

The African Ethiopian-Axumites, began ruling parts of Himyar (e.g. the Tehama/Tihama district) way before 1000 B.C. although grudge-filled western historians with an agenda against Black Africans would only concede A.D. 378 as the beginning of the over lordship. Yet there is repletion of evidence suggesting Ethiopia’s historical overweening influence over Arabia.

According to Fattovich: during the late 2nd millennium BCE, a cultural complex arose in the Tihama region of Yemen and northern Ethiopia and Eritrea (specifically Tigray Region, central Eritrea, and coastal areas like Adulis). Based on the profusion of archeological, cultural and textual evidence an African origin has been posited. (Fattovich, Rodolfo 1997)

By 525, when the Black Ethiopian Axumites regained dominance in Arabia, overthrew the upstart Himyarite power, and destroyed its fledging ambition, Ethiopia-Axum was entering into its waning period of political dominance in the region.

In 568 the Black Ethiopian-Axumites were lost their political dominance in Arabia. Political power became more localized and the native Yemenites gradually replaced the Ethiopian aristocracy. Eventually this nascent kingdom was again conquered by the Persians, and it became a vassal kingdom of the Persian Empire until the year 634, when it was absorbed, together with all the other Arabian States, by the Mohammedan conquest.

To be continued.

January 22, 2007


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57 thoughts on “The Original Black African Arabs of Arabia (Part 3: Black African Kingdoms of Arabia) — Ogu Eji-Ofo Anu”

  1. i am reading your articles about the arabs. firstly, i have ancestors that immigrated from this area, in the early 1800’s and early 1900’s. i know my family name, which historians call tribe. This is history. In the ancient of days arabia was not called arabia. Secondly, the land mass of the arabia peninsula was attached to habeshet. habeshet is ethiopia. What is now called the middle east was all part of habeshet, before the invaders. that includes, syria, lebanon, palestine, jordan etc. They were all black skinned people. Also, elam, which is present day iraq, kuwait, iran were once all black skinned people. Including, afghanistan, pakistan, and India were all black skinned people. In the ancient of days this place which is called egypt today was just a marsh land there was nothing on it. America land mass was attached to what today is called africa. Spain was attached to africa. so was the rest of the lands including italy. Natural disasters caused the spliting of the lands. lack of pigmentation is a genetic defect.

  2. God created all people’s so I disagree that lack of melanin is a defect. Cows’colors are from white to black and none of these color is a defect.

    I know it is true that the original Arabs were black, as well as all the peoples in lower asia extending all the way into the south pacific and all of north Africa. Arabs and all of these people show the phenotypes of mulatoes and blacks. The same phenotypes that you find in latin America (and even in mixed Afro-Americans) and we have recent proof of the mixture between Caucasian Europeans and Negroid Africans there. Many mulatoe latin Americans can pass for Arabs and Indians (having generally the same phenotypes). So it’s obvious what went down to make Arabs and indians look like you do. Not to mention there are still plenty of blacks in these areas in America and the Middle East and Asia. And the further north you go the more caucasian you get. It is obvious that Caucasians from the Caucasus and from upper persia came down and mixed with these blacks.

    It’s good that we who claim and look of African descent are learning and recognizing this. The shame that enrages me is that Euro-Americans (and Europeans in general) don’t know this and don’t care to know or recognize these things.

    Godbless,
    Anwar

    1. Anwar, my name is also Anwar, so peace. However, think about this. The Qur’an says Allah “created you from a single being and created its mate of the same (kind) and spread from these two, many men and women…” Anthropologists say that this first being was African. Other groups came from Africans and if you research you will see that significant differences in phenotypes, for example -blue eyes – did come from a mutation. Lack of melanin is also a the result of mutation, (look it up). I understand it’s hard to accept genetic defect so maybe it will help to use the term genetic mutation. But that’s how it happened. Again just look it up in science journals.

    1. Hy going back into history nimrod had with his mother the queen they was called moors the picther to all this is history gods word they tryed to hide gods word it is comeing to paas no mater what they do

  3. i agree with alot of statements made here but just because the arabs skin was black does not mean that they were black (negroid) the queen of sheba was an ancient shemite women and was definately an arab, yes we can claim her as black but we must also remember her true identity.

  4. A lot of things i read hear was very untrue here, arabs are no way black well not the full arabs anyway arabs are the descendants of Shem the father of the arabs and the hebrew people and Japeth the father of the european people and then comes Ham the father of the black people these three were all the son of Noah its has been said that semitic men would mix with hamitic women alot and that it self is to be its own race but to say arabs were black is unintelligent. you all most be thinking how did all three brothers have totally different phsyicall features well that is something you have to study and look up for your self because of the religous and the scientific points of view of them is tottaly different

  5. THIS HAS OPEN MY EYES TO THE TRUTH OF MANKIND AS A WHOLE. BEING A MAN OF COLOR HAS BROUGHT TO APPRECIATE THE ACIENT HISTORY IN BIBICAL STATUS THAT GOD OF MY FATHERS WERE VERY MUCH APART OF THE MAKING OF THIS WORLD.

  6. THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS WRITING IS TO BRING TO THE FORE FRONT THIS ISSUE OF WHO WE ARE REALLY. THE BLACK RACE HAS BEEN STRIPPED OF IT’S NATURE OF BEING. THIS ARTICLE IN MY OPINON IS TO OPEN A DIALOG TO EXPAND THE KNOWLEDGE OF A ONCE GREAT PEOPLE OF THE ACIENT WORLD WHO INSTITUTED THE WRITTEN LANG AND THE NUMBER SYSTEMS TO A LEVEL BEYOND OUR OWN THINKING. ONCE THE BLACK RACE BEGINS TO EMBRACE THIER ACIENT ROOTS, THE HERE IN THIS COUNTRY WILL TAKE ON A NEW MEANING OF FREEDOM.

  7. I agree with moishe to a point. I`m not sure about the biblical interpretation of Arabs, but they are indeed caucasion “White” in terms of race. Go to Lebonon or syria and you will see many Arabs with pink skin, green eyes. Southern Arabs tend to be mostly darker , or even black – due to mixing with sub-Saharan black peoples over centuries.

  8. I’ve read the article and many posts here. I am happy to see people of color discuss these topics but at the same time I know that we should do more exhaustive researches on these topics before giving opinions. We should seek to start from a clean slate and question everything.
    We give our opinions when much of our views and interpretations of reality have been given to us by Europe. This seems to be the reason that we have difficulty comming to a consensus on the truth and we are thus still divided.

    We use their category and classification systems. These have been designed to mislead and point any truths about Africa away from it. There is a lot of power in a word or label to affect ones perception of reality. Europeans are masters of clever speach and words. We should be aware of this when we make our points.

    The bible is a european book. It is a european compilation of ancient african text fragments that has been molded and mended together to serve Europe’s purpose. The europeans have had it for almost 2000 years. The bible has been translated and edited many many times even through out Europe. This is where distortions, additions, name changes, omitions and biased interpretations can and do occur for political and self serving puposes. Be careful blindly using the bible as a 100% valid or truthful account of history.

  9. Moshie, some Arabs might be pure Shemites, but not all. The Bible seems to indicate that some Arabs came from Ishmael. Ishmael’s father was Abram (later renamed Abraham) and Hagar. Abram was Semitic and Hagar was Egyptian. Well, Ishmael was told he would become a mighty nation. He had twelve sons to found that nation. Another part of Arabs might stem from Esau–Abraham’s grandson through Sarah. Esau was a full Shemite, but some of his children were part Egyptian because one of his wives was Ishmael’s daughter. In addition, after Sarah died, Abraham married Keturah. The Bible does not state her origin, but it is of note that the Arab nation from one of her son’s (i.e., the Midianites) seemed to have closely allied themselves with the Ishmaelites instead of with the Israelites. Could that indicate that they were part Hamites like the Ishmaelites? I don’t know. However, it is evident from all of the foregoing that there probably is a heavy African presence, if not the predominate presence, among Arabs.

  10. Oh i forgot to include that Ishmael married an Egyptian woman. That makes the Arabs from him more Hamitic than Semitic.

  11. Why do peolpe allow the bible to point out peoples race? Please don’t say every word that has been changed, with the times is so true. The 3 son theory is so played. This comes from the same story that says all these people are cursed. What a great tool, even better when I can use it to make slaves.

    Once we can come out of the clouds thinking someone is gona come save us and learn us we can laugh at these b.s story tellers. Becasue we will have the true story not HIStory about who we are.

  12. TEE, your ignorance is glaring. The Bible does not point out race. Race is a modern construct that at times has artificially applied racial labels to groups mentioned in the Bible. Also, the Bible does not say “these people are cursed”. If you would have bothered to make a cursory reading of the passage that allegedly cursed my ancestors into slavery, you would have found out the truth of what it says. Those who accept what others say and don’t read and analysize issues for themselves are the ones with their heads in the clouds. To show how discombobulated you are, you went off on a tangent about waiting to be saved. Not one comment on this board addresses the issue of salvation. If you don’t believe the Bible, that’s your choice. However, if you are going to present an argument, make it cogent.

  13. Hi,

    Very good write-up.

    If Ham is the father of blacks, Shem is the father of copper people and Japheth the father of whites, then WHO’s the father of yellow race?

    East Asians: Monggols, Japs, Chinese, Tibetans, Bhutan, Indo-chinese, Eskimos, Inuits and Koreans. Central Asian Turks: Kirghiz, Uzbeks, Turkmen, Kazakhs and etc. Smaller eyes, straighter backbones and all. Even the eye-socket shape of skulls are different which give them the facial features they have now. Most of them have straight hairs.

    Some traditions said that Shemit is the father of Hebrews, Arabs and Caucasians. Ham is the father of Afro-people and Sam is the father of Monggol tribes.

    This seems more logical than most mentioned traditions which seemed to have forgotten Mongolian originated tribes totally (eventhough the mass majority of earth’s population is in Central and East Asia).

    Inter-marriage brought more tween tribes like native Americans, South Asians, Malays, Melanesians and Polynesians.

  14. This means that Islam is the last religion GOD ordained in Africa **Arabia under Ethiopian rule until the uniting of Arabia under Islam.

    Muhammad gained few followers early on, and was largely met with hostility from the tribes of Mecca;This historic event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Medina, Muhammad managed to unite the conflicting tribes, and after eight years of fighting with the Meccan tribes, his followers, who by then had grown to ten thousand, conquered Mecca. He succumbed on Monday, June 8, 632 , on returning to Medina from his ‘Farewell pilgrimage’, Muhammad fell ill and died. By the time of his death, most of Arabia had converted to Islam.

    King Abdul Aziz, founder of Saudi Arabia began conquering in 1902, consecrated Saudi Arabia as a nation in 1932.

    It took all of 1300 years before Saudi Arabia claimed its country as a nation not a *state; independent of federation, dispute,or as a country subdivion.

    There was no treaty’s signed. Today Arabia is a Absolute monarchy which is a monarchical form of government where the monarch has the power to rule his or her land or country and its citizens freely. This autonomous territory was controlled by
    In the 3rd century,by the Aksum Empire which began interfering in South Arabian affairs, controlling at times the western Tihama region among other areas. By the late 3rd century it had begun minting its own currency and was named by Mani as one of the four great powers of his time along with Persia, Rome, and China. It converted to Christianity in 325 or 328 under King Ezana and was the first state ever to use the image of the cross on its coins. At its height, Aksum controlled northern Ethiopia, Eritrea, northern Sudan, southern Egypt, Djibouti, Yemen, and southern Saudi Arabia, totalling 1.25 million km².

    After a second golden age in the early 6th century, the empire began to decline, eventually ceasing its production of coins in the early 7th century

    The Empire of Aksum at its height extended across portions of present-day Eritrea, northern Ethiopia, Yemen, southern Saudi Arabia northern Djibouti, and northern Sudan

    Proto-Tigrayans and Proto-Amharas are believed to be the main ethnicity of the empire of Axum in the first millennium AD. Their language, in form of Ge’ez, remained the language of later Ethiopian imperial court as well as the Eritrean and Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

    The Aksumite people represented a mix of a Semitic-speaking people, Cushitic-speaking people, and Nilo-Saharan-speaking people (the Kunama and Nara) collectively known as Habeshas.

    The Aksumite kings had the official title ነገሠ ፡ ነገሠተ ngÅ› ngÅ›t – King of Kings (later vocalization Ge’ez ንጉሠ ፡ ነገሥት nigÅ«Å›a nagaÅ›t, Modern Ethiosemitic nigÅ«se negest). Aksumite kings traced their lineage to Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. This royal heritage and title was claimed and used by all emperors of Ethiopia.

    At its peak, Aksum controlled territories as far as southern Egypt, east to the Gulf of Aden, south to the Omo River, and west to the Nubian Kingdom of Meroe. The South Arabian kingdom of the Himyarites and also a portion of Western Saudi Arabia was also under the power of Aksum. At this point in time the majority of the citizens of Aksum were one of the ancestors of the present day Amhara and Tigray,the Biher-Tigrigna (also Tigrinya speakers) and Tigre of Eritrea.

  15. moshie,

    According to Qisas al-anbiya, Hagar was the daughter of the King of Maghreb, a descendant of the Islamic prophet Salih. Her father was killed by Pharoah Dhu l-‘arsh and she was captured and taken as slave. Later, because of her royal blood, she was made mistress of the female slaves and given access to all of Pharoah’s wealth. Upon conversion to Abraham’s faith, the Pharoah gave Hagar to Sarah who gave her to Abraham. Thus, the word “Hagar” (called Hajar in Arabic) comes from Ha ajruka (Arabic for “here is your recompense”).

    The true race of Hagar is not known for certain as most Ancient Jewish texts do not mention Hagar’s race. In ancient Middle-Eastern cultures prisoners of war were usually kept as slaves. Hagar’s ancestry was from a Royal Egyptian lineage. Shem, who was the father of the Semites (a group of people that later went to establish itself in the Middle-East), was the 7th king of the First Egyptian Dynasty from which the Hebrews and Arabs descended. This can means that Hagar was a Semite, rather than a Hamite.

  16. Mohammad,
    I don’t quite get your explanation of Hagar. You say she was the daughter of the ‘King of Maghreb’; well wasn’t the Maghreb seen as anything further north-western of Africa beyond Egypt? (predominately Libya- Morocco)
    Prophet Salih preached to the tribe of Thamud who resided in a town called Hajar. Hajar is located between the present day Syria and Hejaz. Do you reckon that you got this confused with Princess Hagar?
    If Princess Hagar was of a royal Egyptian lineage what was her family doing in the Maghreb to be conquered by a Pharoah and why would a royal give a royal to be a slave to Abraham??
    The people of the Maghreb were considered as Hamitic rather than Semitic around this time.
    Hmmm… I would like to hear what you think.

  17. Anwar, you are very intelligent, and I agree with your assessment 1000%. The whole of the what we know as middle east and north africa, was all occupied by the same people of all of Africa. Everyone knows they were the first people and teh greatest. But they did their sins and have been paying for it for the past 500 years. However, the least among you shall become the most among you, and the most among you, shall become the least among you. What is an Arab? Simply a misture of black and white originally, we don’t need details or names of great kings or queens. It’s obvious, the Europeans, who were once “Barbarians”, living in complete squalor, eventually rose up and took over the world from Africans. They mixed with their neighbours to the north of Africa.

    People like Hannibal(who is 100% Black) invaded Italy, Spain, France etc. Ever notice, arabs, aren’t located in say Zimbabwe or any South countries in Africa, only north, because of the mixing with Europeans and Arabs. Arabs as we know them today, continue to fool themselves. All Arabs, your “Daddy” was a black African, never forget that. So, it is for Italians, Greeks, Spanish, Portuguese, most of South America. Many of these peope have “sickle cell” disease which is a Black disease.

    I understand where most of these people are coming from. Who wants to associate with someone or a groupof people who have been defamed and look down on for hundreds of years by the current ruling.

    “The least among you shall be the most among you, and the most among you, shall be the least”…ALWAYS!!!

    Anwar, again, what you said “I know it is true that the original Arabs were black, as well as all the peoples in lower asia extending all the way into the south pacific and all of north Africa. Arabs and all of these people show the phenotypes of mulatoes and blacks. The same phenotypes that you find in latin America (and even in mixed Afro-Americans) and we have recent proof of the mixture between Caucasian Europeans and Negroid Africans there. Many mulatoe latin Americans can pass for Arabs and Indians (having generally the same phenotypes). So it’s obvious what went down to make Arabs and indians look like you do. Not to mention there are still plenty of blacks in these areas in America and the Middle East and Asia. And the further north you go the more caucasian you get. It is obvious that Caucasians from the Caucasus and from upper persia came down and mixed with these blacks.

    It’s good that we who claim and look of African descent are learning and recognizing this. The shame that enrages me is that Euro-Americans (and Europeans in general) don’t know this and don’t care to know or recognize these things.” Is exactly 1000% correct

    Wake up all and stop fooling yourselves

  18. Forget about mmelanin in ones skin; have you noticed that everything near poles are whiter? Like white bears, people with blond hair, blue eyes are that way because they do not need melanin because the sun is absent NEAR THE POLES most of the time; people with dark skins live in countries near the equator and the tropics so that they are protected from the sun rays
    Does that make sense and stops all this racist stuff?

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