African Moors: The Appearance of the Original Berbers According to European Perceptions – By – Dana Marniche

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The Appearance of the Original Berbers According to European Perceptions

All the early major Berber tribes including the Masmuda, Sanhaja, Ketama Zenata and Nafusa are described as dark reddish brown like the “Indi’ or as “blacks” or Ethiopians in early documents. The notion of the early Berbers as being “whites” or Caucasoid is a new and racist one related to the concept of the African “Hamite”. Certainly the original Berber-speakers were never referred to as anything but “black” or something near it until the 12th century and were otherwise considered the color of Abyssinians and other so called “Indi”.

Kabyle Girl
Kabyle Girl

Even the Kabyles a notoriously fair-skinned “Berber” people of North Africa are up until the 19th century described as “brown” “apart from a few clans”. (See quotes below). The knowledge that Europeans were changing the complexion literally and figuratively of North Africa up until the 19th century has disappeared from modern European histories. Most know about the large part played by sub-saharan black slaves in the making of modern North Africa and Arabia while the white slave trade which was in fact dominant trade in North Africa until the fall of Constantinople (Istanbul in Turkey) in the 15th century had been largely ignored in historical writings of the 20th. Yet it was only a few centuries ago that Europeans visiting North Africa commenting on the fact that, “on almost every street of the cities of Barbary, Europeans could be seen harnessed to carts like draught horses or selling water from jars loaded on the backs of donkeys”.

1809 Commentary on those called “Moors” by an early 19th century observer: “They carry the Christian captives about the desert to the different markets to sell them for they soon discover that their habits of life render them unserviceable , or very inferior to the black slaves of Timbuktoo. “ from An Account of the Empire of Marocco, by J. G. Jackson published 1809 and 1814.

2003 – “From 1500 to 1650 when trans-Atlantic slaving was still in its infancy more Europeans were taken to Barbary than black African slaves to the Americas. See, Robert Davis Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast, and Italy, 1500-1800, MacMillan Publishers, published 2003.

The impact of the white slave trade and its contribution to the modern biology and appearance of the modern North African stems from before the Arabian and Muslim waves into Africa. The Roman ruler Claudian spoke concerning Gildo, the “Moorish” ruler of Africa and treatment of Roman women from the Levant by this North African chief and his countrymen:

4th century – Claudian wrote, “ when tired of each noblest matron Gildo hands her over to the Moors. These Sidonian mothers, married in Carthage city must needs mate with barbarians. He thrusts upon me an Ethiopian as a son-in law, a Berber as a husband. The hideous hybrid affrights its cradle.” Claudian, by Claudius Claudianus, translation by Maurice Platnauer, Published by G.P. Putnam’s sons, 1922 p. 113. (Gildo was brother to other Berber chiefs Firmus and Maseczel. Gildo is related to Aguellid or Galdi which remains the modern Tuarek word for chief. Masek, Amazigh ot Imoshagh was the name for the ancient and modern Tuareg clans in general. The Mezikes tribes were called “Ethiopians” in a Roman text of the time. )

berber-boy1
Kayble boy1

1stt c. A.D. – “Diodorus Siculus speaks in reference to the expedition of Agathocles a Sardinian general, of three Libyan tribes on the coast of Tunisia, the Micatani and Zufoni (see Zafan ),who were nomads and the Asfodelodi, who by the color of their skin resembled the Ethiopians” , p. 50 The Mediterranean Race Book XX, 38, 57 Guiseppe Sergi, 1901. The Micatani were also called Ukutameni and Khethim by Josephus. In later writings they are called Ketama Berbers. The name Maketa or Imakitan remains a name for the eastern branches of the Tuareg.

1st century A.D.– Marcus Valerian Martial was one of the earliest Europeans to use the phrase “woolly hair like a Moor” in one of his Satires, and the phrase was commonly used up until the Middle Ages. See Nature Knows No Color Line by J.A. Rogers, 1952. p. 50 The Muslim era didn’t begin until the birth of Muhammed, the Prophet, over four centuries after Martial. By the 7th century the word came to be used for Arabians who in the early era of Islam for the most part were also described as of near “black” complexion.

1st century Silius Italicus also describes the Moors with the term ‘Nigra’ meaning black. In the 3rd century Roman dramatist Platus or Plautus maintained the name Maure was a synonym for “Niger” which was a common term for the word black. 6th century Isidore Archbishop of Seville claimed the word Maure meant black according to Brunson and Runoko Rashidi in “The Moors in Antiquity” in Golden Age of the Moor, 1991.

6th A.D.- Corippus uses the phrase “facies nigroque colorus” meaning faces or appearance of black color to describe the North African Berbers. In his book Johannis, I/ 245.

6th A.D. – Procopius in his History of the Wars book IV contrasting the Germanic Vandals who had settled in North Africa with the Maures claimed the Vandals were not “black skinned like the Maurusioi” . The tribes he classified as Maurusioi are those now classified as ancient Berbers, the Numidians, Masaesyle, Gaitules, Massyles and Mezikes several other “Berber” tribes then settled between Tunisia and Morocco.

After the 8th century the term Moor came to be used for the many Arabian clans who had invaded the Mediterranean and Africa because of their complexions which were the same dark brown or near black to absolutely black color of the Berbers.
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1914 – Archeologists observance of the ancient North Africans portrayed in ancient Egyptian tomb paintings, “The brun Libyan type is the only one portrayed in the Old Empire, the xanthrochroids predominate in the New Empire representations.” P. 40 from The Eastern Libyan Oric Bates The intrusive xanthrochroids…do not appear before the XII dynasty… It safe to say that they were immigrants.” from The Eastern Libyans by Oric Bates Frank Cass publishers 1914. pp. 40 and 41. (These paintings of the ancient Libyans as a brown in color are in the works of Nina Davies.)

1939 – “The extreme long-heads, concentrated in the Hoggar and in parts of the Algerian plateau are the Tuareg and the purer families of ancestral nomadic Berbers, preserving the head form which they brought from East Africa, their Hamitic homeland.” Carleton Coon The Races of Europe, p. 257 1979 reprint.

Five major tribes of Berbers were spoken of by early Muslim writers including the Sanhaja, Masumuda Zenata, Ketama and Goddula which were categorized into dozens of others which in turn were divided into many more. Among them were the early Kabyles originally a group of Sanhaja Berbers. Most descriptions refer to the modern Kabyles as fair-skinned, but in the 19th century and early 20th, descriptions and in fact many photographs depict them as dark and near black. (Photos from the 19th century show both very dark-skinned and near white skinned Kabyle individuals from different villages in the region).

1890 – “The Kabyles or Kabaily of Algerian and Tunisian territories…besides tillage, work the mines contained in their mountains…They live in huts made of branches of trees and covered with clay which resemble the Magalia of the old Numidians…They are of middle stature, their complexion brown and sometimes nearly black.” Written in The Encyclopedia Britannica: Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and General Literature Henry G. Allen Company p. 261 Volume I 1890.

1834 The Scotsman Thomas Campbell says, “The Kabyles…dress like the Arabs and a part from a few tribes, are brown complexioned and black haired” p. 109 Barbary and Enlightenment: European Attitudes Toward the Maghreb in the 18th Century, Ann Thomson. Published 1987 by E. J. Bull

A description by Gillebert d’Hercourt in Etudes Anthropologiques sur Soixante-Seize indigenes de lAlgerie in 1865 said the Kabyle crania that were studied were generally dolichocephalic. In fact the physical anthropological studies done on ancient and modern North Africans show that early North Africans were dolichocephalic like the Tuareg and other dark-skinned berber tribes.
Not surprisingly most modern Berber-speakers who are fair skinned including modern Kabyles are predominantly mesocephalic (middle headed) or even brachycephalic. It is interesting that the dress of these modern Kabyle women resembles that modern women of the Balkans and that palm and blood group types are also like those of European Mediterranean Greeks. Many of these Kabyles also have a strong Turkish influence as judged from the recognizable Turkish Eurasian or even East Asian facial features. Obviously some groups other than a Berber one makes up the main genetic strain in many modern Kabyle-speakers. Culturally the modern fair-skinned Kabyles have been documented as among the most patrifocal people in North Africa whereas the ancient and modern Berbers like the Tuareg were notably matrilineal and matrifocal to the chagrin of early Muslim documenters who considered this among their ‘wicked” customs.

1901 – The Oases if Nafzawa and Wed Suef and Wed Regh and other Berbers of the Sus as “of very dark complexion” in Guiseppi Sergi The Mediterranean Race: The Study of the origin of European peoples The Walter Scott Publishing Company

On the Libyo Berbers called – Gaetules or Jeddala
The Gaitules were the most populous of the Libyan tribes of Strabo’s time (1st century AD). Josephus claimed they were descended from Havilah or the Avalioi who he says children of Kush child of Ham.

1st -2nd century – Juvenal, the Roman writer in his Satire V. 53 referred to “a Gaetulian, as a black a Moor “so black you’d rather not see him at midnight”.. Found in Madan’s translation of Juvenal, vol. I by J. Vincent published at Oxford.

Among the Gaetules were a tribe Dari or Darae Gaetuli, there was also a stream called Daradae Ethiopus (DARAE were a Gaetulian tribe in the W. of Africa, on a mountain stream called Dara, on the S. steppes of M. Atlas, adjacent to the Pharusii. (Plin. V. 1: Oros. i. 2: Leo Afr. P. 602.)
The Draa (Arabic: ???) (also spelled Dra or Draâ, in older sources mostly Darha or Dara) is Morocco’s longest river (1100 km). “The inhabitants of the Draa are called Draawa (an exonym), the most famous Draawi undoubtedly being mawlay Mohammed ash-Sheikh. Outside of the Draa region this name is mostly used to refer to the dark skinned people of Draa which make up the largest portion of its inhabitants.” Retrieved May 13th 2008 from
http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Draa-river

Descriptions of the Masmuda, Sanhaja, Ketama, Zenata Berbers of coastal North Africa and the Upper Atlas

Most Arab-speaking historians beginning as far back as the 8th century when Wah ibn Munabihh a South Arabian and descendant of an Iranian mercenary claimed the Berbers belonged to black races of Ham. Several Muslim writers claimed the Berbers were the sons of Berr who were said to descend from Mazigh ibn (son of ) Canaan Ibn Ham Ibn Nuh (Noah). The tradition found cited in Nafousa: Berber Community in Western Libya, Omar Sahli citing Dabbuz. Retrieved on-line from http://www.tawalt.com/monthly/fessato_1.pdf , July. 12, 2008.
The Zenata are called a Canaanite race by other Muslim writers see ‘The Berbers” Geo. Babington Michell, Journal of the Royal African Society, Vol. 2, No. 6 (Jan., 1903), pp. 161-194. The traditions state that in fact Berbers were descendants of Amalekites (Amalek) from Canaan and Himyarite from Yemen both descendants of “Adites” that had invaded Egypt before 1200 B.C. and “advanced toward the Maghreb”.
The Berbers as represented by the Tuareg especially appear to have called themselves Mashek or Mazigh who are associated with bringing the camel into Africa. Mashek is still the name of a tribe of the Mahra of Oman and Hadramaut who also claim an origin in the Yemen.
( In early Arabian tradition the lowland of Canaan or the Kenaniyya tribe was in an area of the western region of Arabia north of Yemen and not farther to the north in modern Palestine or Israel. See the Bible Came from Arabia. Kamal Salibi )

11th century – “The Berber women are from the island of Barbara, which is between the west and the south. Their color is mostly black though some pale ones can be found among them. If you can find one whose mother is of Kutama, whose father is of Sanhaja, and whose origin is Masmuda, then you will find her naturally inclined to obedience and loyalty in all matters, active in service, suited both to motherhood and to pleasure, for they are the most solicitous in caring for their children. “ 11th century the Christian Iraqi physician Ibn Butlan quoted by historian Bernard Lewis.

11th century – Nasr i Khusrau, an Iranian ruler described the Masmuda soldiers of the Fatimid dynasty as “black Africans”. See Yaacov Lev, “Army, Regime and Society in Fatimid Egypt, 358-487/968-1094”, International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 19.3 (1987) p. 342.

13th century – Primary Cronica General of Alphonso X of Spain describes the 300 Almoravid “Amazon” women whose leader is described as black and Moorish. They were “led by their leader Nugaymath al-Tarqiyya (the “star of the Tuareg archers” in Arabic) who led the Almoravid siege of Valencia”; cited in Nubian Queens in the Nile Valley by Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, Ninth International Conference of Nubian Studies, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA. See also The Berbers in Arab Literature by H.T. Norris 1982.p. 20. Harvey , L.P. “Nugaymath Turquia, Primera Cronica General, Chapter 956” Journal of Semitic Studies 13, no. 2:232. Targiyyat or Targiya is a variant form or pronunciation in North Africa for the name Tuareg. 13th or 14th century Abu Shama, a Syrian, described the Masmuda Berbers as “blacks” in his, Kitab al-Ravdatayn. Found in Golden Age of the Moor, 1991 edition p. 57, edited by Dr. Ivan Van Sertima.

14th – The Almoravid or Al Murabitun dynasty coming from the Atlas was one of the last dynasties coming from Africa to rule in the Iberian peninsula. One of the 11th century rulers of Andalusia and North Africa was Yusuf Tachfin who had come from a long line of miltary rulers. According to “Roudh el-Kartas” (History of the Rulers of Morocco) by Abd Allah, and A.Beaumier’s French translation of the 14th century work, Yusuf was of “brown color”, of “middle height” with , “ thin, little beard, soft voice” and “woolly hair”. The Almoravid dynasty was supposedly composed mainly of Sanhaja clans of Massufa, Joddala (Gaetuli) and Lamtuna (or Auelimidden Tuareg)- the Auelamidden have since moved southward and live in Niger.


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126 thoughts on “African Moors: The Appearance of the Original Berbers According to European Perceptions – By – Dana Marniche”

  1. study shiva lingum, the religious an iconic symbolization of shiva linga,known today as 12 thcentury hiduism.hadwa domclaims it didnt exist till 1830 an was created by an englishman.starting to sound like islam an christianity being created by franciscan brother hood according to moors.this was practiced by the people is the indus valley who migrated north to hindustan practiced this 2000 years earlier than any religion existe.hindustan was the ancient name of the nation state india,manchuriais now nation state china an ,but dom says the hindu religion is fairley new.now look at the hari krishna religion.look at noble drew alis head wear an sister beys which resemble shiva.the clothes worn by msta in the 20sare not islamic.the headress especially.there are many many moorish scholors from the usa that are not listened to.they turned us from scholors out to colors.the knowledge of sister dana is lacking in our youth for we could have been shown this long ago an not have to put the pieces of the puzzle together from fragments of knowledge we have taken back from massive research in to the lies history.when we disagree its from some history that we have read or learned from the learn-ed ones in universitys of masonic professors.our own have also given uswhat they have been allowed an when they break covenat they are killed before we get too hear what they have learned.khalid muhammed,macom x,father allah,killed by our own when they really found out the reality of islam for us and bilal the negro slave of muhammed as he is described in elementry school books of the muslims of the east.bilal was a moor ,but most of all they learned an were raised by his people who was then enslaved an forced to convert just like christianity.bilal had i.s.l.a.m. an was forced to convert to mohammedism.notice hoit seemswe have no objection to slavery by muslims but objection to christian color slavey which is only from say 1500 started across the board.ancient egyptions a asiatics are moorswe all were mmors the the grafted moors took the fez to temple in europe an the knowledge flowed from there ever since.into each of the branches of the symbolic snake representing ceberus the three headed guardian angel of hell ,each head represents judaism christianity an mohammed islam though all claim to be against the devil.king juba fled spain in 1492 with solomons treasure to terra incognito ,the moorish empire of the west as coloumbus knew it was .they foundking jubas treasure in illinois ,chicago area.columbus/colon set of chasing in october .the column in this blog about the black arabs shows who the arabs were which is usa n the red ruddy sadaam mystic turks who invaded an replaced us in the middle beast they call it.we fle in 641 a.d once again from kemet ,we were expelled ,the west africans later sold us into slavery to the europeans as the europreans sold their own to us in the times of the golden age of the moor.they sold uis there women an we impregnated their woman giving you the so called white skined anything in north aKEBULAN OR THE MIDDLE EAST.MUHAMMED ALI INVADED MORROCCO YES FROM EUROPE.MOORISH SCIENCE IS ASTROLOGY COSMOLOGY DIVINE LAW MATHEMATICS NOT RELIGION BUT THE ALCHEMY OF IT .THE REMOVAL OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE ALCHEMY IS WHATS LEFT TO THE PEOPLEW KNOW.BLIND FAITY WITHOUT REAlity of origin of.this creates thought over know which creates conflict.no arrgument when 2=2is 4the real knowlege is one way this way not infinite but complete

  2. do we not come from the asiatic womban north an south.history has to much emphasis on men as does religion.heavy research still fails to uncover the story of the banner of the cross an the european attack on the free thinking woman killed cALLED WITCHES FOR NOT BOWING TO A NEW FANGLED MALE GOD. or the patagona blondes.THE MORE YOU DIG THE MOOR YOU GET WOMAN AN MEN REPLACING HER AN THEN MEN REPLACING OTHER MEN BY SKIN TONE TO KEEP A FALSE CREED ALIVE OUTSIDE OF THE LAW CHANGING NOUNS FROM ADJECTIVES AN BRANDING US WITH THE LOWER END TO STEAL OUR LAND AN MAKE IT LOOK LIKE HATE.OUR REALITY IS 360 ON THE GLOBE BUT THEY TOOK MOORS FROM US TOLD US THEY WERE WHITE,TOLD USWE WASSLAVES AN BLACK AN THE RED MAN WAS ON THIS LAND FIRST.CALLED US COLORED,AN THE N WORD ALL OF WHICH WE USED TO CALLTHEM FIRST .THATSWHERE THEY GOT IT FROM .WHO TURNS RED AN BLUE WHEN ANGRY OR CHOKING.THE RED IS UP IN MY SKIN SO HARD I AM DARK BROWN BUT THEIR BLOOD SITS UNDER THE SKIN SO FARTHEY HAVE NO MELANIN ON THE SURFACE ONLY INSIDE THE BLACK HOLES OF THE EURO BODY.IF NOT THE EURO WOMAN COULDNT REPRODUCE CHILDREN AN WOULD NOT EXIST.WE CREATED MANKIND WHO IN TURN CREATED THEIR MALE GOD THAT WE FOLLOW THE FATHER CHANGED FROM THE MOTHER.ALL THE MOORSWHO WORSHIP MALE ALLAH RELIGIION FIRST ARE NOT MOORS BUT THEY ARE MUSLIMS

  3. THAT COME FROM MOORS,SO THEY ALWAYS WILL BE OF THEIR ORIGIN THAT CONVERTED TO A MYSTERY MALE GOD.THE TRANSLATERS OF RELIGIONS FOR EXAMPLE DID IT FROM A MALE POINT OF VIEW FROM THE MATERNAL..HELENA BLAVATSKY EXPOSED THIS IN ISIS UNVEILED AN THE SECRET DOCTRINE IN THE LATE 1800S EXPOSING THE MEN AS FRAUDS .BOOK OF ISIS =BOOK OF GENISES STOLEN.HE CHANGED FROM SHE IN BIBLE STORYS

  4. DNA Evidence of the Black Moors in Spain:

    “Human mitochondrial DNA diversity in an archaeological site in al-Andalus: Genetic impact of migrations from North Africa in medieval Spain”

    Text :

    “Mitochondrial DNA sequences and restriction fragment polymorphisms were retrieved from three Islamic 12th-13th century samples of 71 bones and teeth (with >85% efficiency) from Madinat Baguh (today called Priego de Cordoba, Spain). Compared with 108 saliva samples from the present population of the same area, the medieval samples show a higher proportion of sub-Saharan African lineages that can only partially be attributed to the historic Muslim occupation. In fact, the unique sharing of transition 16175, in L1b lineages, with Europeans, instead of Africans, suggests a more ancient arrival to Europe from Africa. The present day Priego sample is more similar to the current south Iberian population than to the medieval sample from the same area. The increased gene flow in modern times could be the main cause of this difference. Am J Phys Anthropol 2006 (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc”

    The Link:

    http://www.bio.uio.no/forskning/db01-news/internet/html/nr100025.html

    The Almoravides and Almohades dynasties were mainly subsaharan Africans.

    Yusuf Ibn Tashfin was a Soninke by his mother, The African kings from tekrour namely, IBRAHIMA SALL and WAR DIABY N’DIAYE with their troops invaded Spain along with him.

    BUT if you read a book written by a North African/European, it would say , yes there was black in Spain but merely slaves and mercenaries. But SCIENCE (DNA) do not lie…

  5. nehesy catches them out there AGAIN AN AGAIN no dispute can be made.thats as mathematically sound as we can get beyond a reasonable doubt an dr oyibo WITH g.a.g.u.t.,they write what we are an us out of intelligence.they created black to mea slave an referto us a that each time they call it,nehesy has shown you there lies how they say the black wasslaves.this means that the serfsor albion peasants werent white causeof they skin by howthey wrote what blkack was afterward.after they made us wards.on this blog i read that the akebulan people were in spain long before the muslim invasion.the pictures showe two nubians on muslim an one christian fighting in 711 a.d invasion of spain.see how they misuse the word black to only invilve us as slaves an makeas if there was a fake white creedat that time.any present writing are written wrong for masinic purposes.search angelo soliman the first moorish mason who hung out in rome with kings.schoolbooks say ,,join us aswestep back in time to the days of imposing castles high on the bluffs.knights in armour defendindthe king dom an noblemen ruling over serfs.we the moors then called black a moors were the noblemen always how would we be sefs in a foriegn land if we wasnt slaves or slavs as they were in europe.they have replaced us an their form of dna has done thewm in causethey got rna ,,recessive an that show when they go back far like that an get dna which really only the carbon skin have on the outsideskin.the dna proves the skinwasnt red ruddy pale so it wasnt them first aanywhere an they write they books to relace us in our time in our stoy with hizzzzzztory.my egyption name given to me is zoser nehisi hotep,they spell egipt without a y so nehesy is the same is nehisi/nehesy king of 14th dyanasty egipt.if so then its the reason we came together here on this subject in which allllll of this new information is needed.nothing you have read from me , king nehesy or dana can be eliminated as false an not 100%reality.there books rewritten use the word black as a slave term an a code for when we the moors fell.yes king brother nehesy we were in spain as christians actually wayyyy before the mohammed muslims rolled in there, when they were serfs they were black an thats the classthey gave us an switched classwith hue of skin to lock in the class of noble white to their red ruddy skin to hold power in the law they wrote from ours.when the king is giving comments we must listen an overstand as a group.these are ancient akebulan/africanfacts hidden by the german prussia public school system.peace be upon nehisi dana an my brother jah day,we have accomplished a lot here an no arguments this time from the peanut gallery,skeptics a doubters.if they they are listening now to us debate the facts then we are incontrol of our ,our our knowledge again.shukran to all of you an especially RASTA LIVEWIRE for providing the space,/table for us to operate on our peoples brains.I WAS HONORED TO COMMENT WITH MASTER NABA AN AM HONORED TO COMMENT WITH THESE GREAT RESEARCHERS AN FREE ERSOF OUR PEOPLES MIND.THIS TAKES OUR BRAINS OUT OF LOCKDOWN.peace to all of you

  6. the last paragraph nehesy gives says it all,they cannot tell us who we are anymore an those euro north africans are the biggest liers about us on this planet cause they no better an get paid to perpetrate a fraud about us on us

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