Pineal Gland: A Cognitive Advantage for Africans, by Bernie Douglas

Pineal Gland: A Cognitive Advantage for Africans Thursday, 17 January 2008 15:15 Bernie Douglas

The pineal gland is responsible for the production of melatonin, a hormone that is secreted in response to darkness, and is also the site in the brain where the highest levels of Serotonin can be found (Sun et al, 2001). In the pineal, 5-HT (Serotonin) concentration displays a remarkable diurnal pattern, with day levels much higher than night levels. Serotonin plays an important role in sleep, perception, memory, cardiovascular activity, respiratory activity, motor output, sensory and neuroendocrine function.

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