A course companion on Hip-Hop.

From Afrika Bambaataa to Positive Black Soul: Hip Hop in the African Diaspora
Dr. Mako Fitts

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY, SOCIOLOGY & SOCIAL WORK
Seattle University
Spring, 2006

What is hip hop to you?

When were you first introduced to hip hop?

Globalization of hip hop: Indigenous Rhymes & Beats

What are the Elements?
KRS-ONE, “9 Elements” (Kristyles, 2003)

Breaking or Breakdancing
MC’ing or Rap
Graffiti Art or Tagging
DJ’ing
Beatboxing
Street Fashion
Street Language
Street Knowledge
Street Entrepreneur Realism

Daara J

N’Dango D, Aladji Man and Faada Freddy  

"Hip-hop was born in Africa [and] went around the world to come back to Africa, like a boomerang that has been thrown from the motherland and is back home” (Faada Freddy, 2005)

Daara J rap in the Senegalese language Wolof and French; over 6000 rap acts in Dakar

“Boomerang” (2004) put them on the international scene

Esperanza (ft. Sergent Garcia, 2003, Wrasse Records) 

Positive Black Soul (PBS)

Pioneers of Dakar (Senegal) hip hop scene and African Hip Hop

MCs Doug E Tee and Didier (DJ Awadi)

Emerged in Dakar (Senegal) in 1989

PBS also raps mostly in Wolof

Signed with Mango records (a subdivision of the prestigious Island Records) in 1994 and emerged on the World Music scene

Blaw (2002, PBS)

Yéli Fuzzo

Emerged in Mali hip hop scene in late 1990s and has become Mali’s most successful rap artists and producers

Was part of underground group Fanga Fing (“Black Authority”)

Raps in Malian Bambara and French  

Ladji Kabako (2003, Invasion Record)

Saba Saba

Highly political and talented Ugandan MC

Recently toured the U.S.

Interview from FreeMix Radio while in D.C., discussed Ugandan and African hip-hop, pan-Africanism, and continuing South African apartheid

MC Solaar

Born in Dakar, raised outside of Paris

Most recognized MC from France since 1990

Raps in French

Cash Money (2004, Wea)

Wyclef Jean

One of the most prolific producers in the American music industry

Haitian American influences

The Fugees, Carlos Santana, Cypress Hill, Destiny’s Child, Sinéad O’Connor, Mick Jaggar, Shakira

Raps in English and Haitian Creole

Sang Fezi (Sony, 1997)

Hip Hop Mobilization

1. Understanding culture

2. Respecting difference

3. Finding community in the local & the global

4. Articulating struggle & conflict

5. Mode of social change

Resources

AfricanHipHop.com
www.Africanhiphop.com

The Hip Hop Head Rush
www.hiphop.co.za

Nubian Underground
www.nubianunderground.com

United Nations of Hip Hop
www.unitednationsofhiphop.com

AllHipHop.com
www.allhiphop.com

Afropop.org
www.afropop.org

African Hip Hop Radio
www.africanhiphopradio.com

UndergroundHipHop.com
www.undergroundhiphop.com

Davey D’s Hip Hop Corner
www.daveyd.com

Hiphop-Directory.com
www.hiphop-directory.com

The Original Hip Hop Lyrics Archive
www.ohhla.com


Knowledge Project

Africa Knowledge Project is an academic resource that offers journals and databases. Check them out at AKP.

Upcoming Deadlines

CALL FOR PAPERS

Columnists

LivewireRasta Livewire is a leading blog that provides in-depth viewpoints from Rastas in Africa and African Diaspora.

Africa Knowledge Project (AKP) publishes peer-reviewed journals and academic databases.

Ojedi is an online retailer of fine art and exceptional handcrafted pieces from around the world.

Africa House is an Africa and Diasporian gallery. Africa House accepts proposals for submission on a rolling basis.

African Event Posters show posters of events at Africa House.

African Gourmet Dinners shows images of African gourmet dishes.